That there is a reciprocal, mutual process of behavior, thinking and deciding among therapeutic team and family members; thus, a change in the family will impact the therapeutic process and vice versa.
binocular theory of change
If the therapist presents the family with a slightly different pattern than their own, the family will recognize the similarities and accept the pattern of change including embracing the differences.
Took solution-oriented therapy a step further by emphasizing solutions and creating possibility therapy.
A client who does not wish to participate in therapy, does not have a complaint, and does not wish to work on anything.
Asking families for a hypothetical solution to their problems. "If you were to wake up tomorrow and a miracle occurred and you no longer had this problem, how would your life be different?"
Looking for the positive or the exception to the family's problem. "Tell me about the one time that you didn't argue and fight. What was the exception?"
Looking for the positive or the exception to the family's problem. "On a scale of 1-10, where do you see your relationship as a couple? What would it take to make it higher?"
Beliefs and stories which describe clients, therapists, or others as having bad intentions or traits.
Stories that suggest that someone has no choices about what his body does (voluntary actions) or has no ability to make any difference in what happens to his life.
Ideas or beliefs that a client's personal experiences or knowledge is being undermined by others.
The imposition of the therapist's beliefs and therapeutic values (and favorite diagnoses) on the client and her family.
Challenging what we take for granted. Is it simply a reality created by family and society?
Signature of solution focus therapy. Technique includes, "If you are a 5, how did you manage not to get to a 1?"
formula first session task
Clients are asked to think about what they do not want to change about their lives as a result of therapy
more of the same assignments
After an exception to a problem has been found, de Shazer instructs the client to practice this behavior