Someone who wanted to purify the Anglican Church during the 1500s and 1600s.
Received a charter from Queen Elizabeth I to explore the American coastline. His ships landed on Roanoke, which became a "lost colony."
House of Burgesses
The first general assembly of the Jamestown colony.
System in which settlers were granted land in exchange for settlig Virginia.
Colony owned by an individual.
A Puritan who broke away from the Anglican Church. Wanted complete separation of religion from the monarchy.
A Separatist who journeyed to the American colonies in the 1600s for religious freedom.
Leader of the Pilgrims at Plymouth
Taught the Pilgrims about their new environment.
A stockholder in the Massachusetts Bay Company who recieved a royal charter to create a refuge colony for Puritans in Massachusetts. The first leader of Puritans in Massachusetts.
The name given to the period when an estimated 20,000 settlers arribved in New England.
People whose religious beliefs differ from those accepted by the majority.
A Separatist who challenged the Puritan ideas, was banned from Massachusetts, and founded the colony of Providence, RI.
A Puritan who believed God revealed to her the ministers that offered salvation, was banned from Massachusetts, and founded the colony of Portsmouth, RI.
King Philip's War
The turning point in colonization when New England now belonged to the English settlers.
Maryland Toleration Act
Granted religious toleration to all Christian in Maryland and was intended to protect the Catholic minority from the Protestants.
Received land from King Charles II as payment for debt owed to his father. Established Pennsylvania, a religous colony for Quakers.
Found the colony of Georgia, a place for Englishmen in debt to start over.
Crop grown primarily for market
An individual who contracts to work for a colonist for a specified number of years in exchange for transportation to the colonies, food, clothing, and shelter.
Large, commercial, agricultural estate
Farming only enough food to feed one's family
Governor of Virginia, who exempted himself and his councilors from taxation and restricted the vote to only property owners, which led to Bacon's Rebellion
A set of laws that formally regulated slavery and defined the relationship between enslaved Africans and free people.
A three-way trade route that exchanged goods between American colonies and two other trading partners (Caribbeans and England).
Movement during the 1700s that stressed dependence on God.
Asserted that all people were born with natural rights, including the right to life, liberty, and property.