Chapter 38: endocrine system function and assessment

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hormone function

Stimulates protein synthesis and growth

growth hormone

converts glycogen to glucose in the liver

glucagon, epinephrine

increase energy production and protein synthesis

t4 and t3

increases water reabsorption by the kidneys

antidiuretic hormone (ADH), aldosterone

promotes reabsorption of sodium and excretion of potassium by the kidneys

aldosterone

moves calcium from blood to bones

calcitonin

promotes release of throxine and t3 by the thyroid gland

thryoid stimulating hormone (TSH)

promotes release of cortisol by the adrenal cortex

ACTH

increases blood level of calcium

parathyroid hormone (PTH)

lowers blood glucose

insulin

dilates bronchioles, increases heart rate

epinephrine

reduces inflammation, raises blood glucose level

cortisol

Jill has a serum glucose level of 600. which hormones might be involved?

insulin (decreased), glucagon (increased), cortisol, somatostatin, epinephrine

jennifer has a lot of very dilute urine. which hormone might be deficient?

ADH, aldosterone

bobs heart rate is 120 beats per minute. which hormones can raise the heart rate?

epinephrine, t3 and t4

phils TSH is low. which glands could be malfunctioning?

thyroid, pituitary

bevs bones are weak and brittle. which hormone could be at fault?

PTH (increases serum calcium level) or lack of calcitonin

Gina is retaining a lot of water. which hormones could be at fault?

?

jack is receiving injections of ACTH for multiple sclerosis. which hormone is the physician attempting to stimulate?

cortisol

bob just learned that he scored 100% on his test. which hormone is going to give him a rush of excitement?

epinephrine

ruth just ate a meal high in carbohydrates. which hormone will be secreted in response?

insulin

don is 12 years old and 6 feet tall. which hormone will the pediatrician measure?

growth hormone

decreases reabsorption of calcium from bones to blood

calcitonin

increases energy production

thyroid hormone

increases rate of mitosis

growth hormone

increases water retention by kidneys

antidiuretic hormone

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