sociology intro terms

21 terms by qhornecker 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Anomie

Alienation or social instability caused by erosion of standards and values caused living in the modern world.

Conformity

Going along with one's peers, individuals of a person's own status, who have no special right to direct that person's behavior.

Culture

The totality of learned, socially transmitted behavior.

Deviance

Behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society.

Macrosociology

Sociological investigation that concentrates on large-scale phenomena or entire civilizations.

Milieu

Surroundings, especially of a social or cultural nature.

Microsociology

Sociological investigation that stresses study of small groups and often uses laboratory experimental studies.

Norms

Established standards of behavior maintained by a society.

Power

The ability to exercise one's will over others.

Self

According to George Herbert Mead, the sum total of people's conscious perceptions of their own identity as distinct from others.

Self-fulfilling prophecy

The tendency of people to respond to and act on the basis of stereotypes, leading to validation of false definitions.

Social inequality

A condition in which members of a society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power.

Social institutions

Organized patterns of beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs.

Socialization

The process whereby people learn the attitudes, values, and actions appropriate for individuals as members of a particular culture.

Social role

A set of expectations of people who occupy a given social position or status.

Society

A fairly large number of people who live in the same territory, are relatively independent of people outside it, and participate in a common culture.

Sociological imagination

The set of mind that allows individuals to see the relationship between events in their personal lives, events in their society and global and historical events.

Sociology

The systematic study of social behavior and human groups.

Theory

In sociology, a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior.

Values

Collective conceptions of what is considered good, desirable, and proper-or bad, undesirable, and improper-in a culture.

Variable

A measurable trait or characteristic that is subject to change under different conditions.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set