phlebotomy ch 1&2

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51 terms

phlebotomy

the surgical opening or puncture of a vein in order to withdraw blood or introduce a fluid, or (historically) as part of the procedure of letting blood.

ASCP

American Society for Clinical Pathologist

ASPT

American Society of Phlebotomy Technicians

JCAHO

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations

certification

a record of being qualified to perform certain acts after passing an examination given by an accredited professional organization

informed consent

consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved

professional services

those performed by a licensed individual such as a medical doctor, physician's assistant, nurse, or chiropractor.

respiratory therapy

Allied health specialty that assists patients with respiratory and cardipulmonary disorder. Duties of a respiratory therapist include conducting pulmonary function tests, monitoring oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood, administering breathing treatments, and ventilator management.

radiology

the branch of medical science dealing with the medical use of X-rays or other penetrating radiation

electrocardiography

(EKG or ECG) the process of recording electrical currents from the heart; the study and interpretation of such recordings, the recording of the electrical impulses of the heart. Such tracings often given an accurate picture of heart abnormalities and disease (EKG and ECG)

nuclear medicine

Branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, treatment , and research

physical therapy

treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury, involving many different modalities (methods) such as exercise, hydrotheraphy, diathermy, and ultrasound

pharmacy

the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,

MT

medical technologist

MLT

medical laboratory technician

CLT

CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNICIAN

pathologist

specialized in the laboratory analysis of tissue samples to confirm or establish a diagnosis

hematology

the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs

coagulation

aka blood clotting. A protective mechanism that minimizes blood loss when blood vessels are ruptured. Phase of hemostasis which the platelet plug changes into a blood clot, it is done by clotting factors.

chemistry

the study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter and the changes it undergoes

microbiology

the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans

blood bank

clinical laboratory department where blood components are tested and stored until needed for transfusion; immunohematology department; transfusion services; also the refrigerated unit used for storing blood components

culture and sensitivity

a lab test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then determine its sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics

CLIA

clinical laboratory improvement amendments (1988); improve the quality of laboratory testing in the US, enacted by congress as an ammendment to the origional act of 1967. Created to protect patients by establishing saftey policies and procedures. The ammendment addresses the issues of quality control, quality assurance, record keeping and qualifications of personnel performing lab testing.

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, government agency which mandates the availability of MSDSs for any hazardous chemical or drug

reference labs

specific lab companies that transmit electronic data to spring charts using HL7 language and protocols

CAP

College of American Pathologists

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association

MSDS

A widely used abbreviation for Material Safety Data Sheet. A MSDS contains details of the hazards associated with a chemical, and gives information on its safe use.

pathogen

any disease-producing agent (especially a virus or bacterium or other microorganism)

vector

any agent (person or animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits a disease

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment, Personal Protective Equipment-Equipment that protects the EMS worker from infection and/or exposure to the dangers of rescue operations. Ex: protective gloves, eye protection, masks, gowns.

standard precautions

precautions developed by the CDC that ensures that unversial precautions and body substance isolation practices, measures to prevent exposure to blood or body fluids that may spread disease

reverse isolation

a barrier protection designed to prevent infection in clients who are severely compromised and highly susceptible to infections

nosocomial infection

an infection acquired in a hospital or other healthcare facility; also known as hospital-acquired infection (HAI).

cytotechnologist

Works with pathologist to microscopically examine body cells, in order to detect changes that may help to diagnose cancer and other diseases

accreditation

The process through which an organization is recognized for adherence to a group of standards that meet or exceed expectations of the accrediting agency.

licensure

A mandatory credentialing process established by law, usually at the state level, that grants the right to practice certain skills and endeavors

continuing education

Formal education by a working professional to improve or maintain professional competence

fiscal services

...

clinical lab

...

urinalysis

the physical chemical and microscopic examination of urine and its components

CBC

complete blood count, complete blood count; most common lab blood test performed as a screen of general health or for diagnostic purposes, A blood analysis which includes packed cell volume, total protein, a white blood cell differential analysis, and an estimate of the total number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes can be abbreviated how?

serum

Plasma with the clotting factors removed. Serum is often used in diagnostic tests because it does not clot.

plasma

straw-colored fluid that makes up about 55 percent of blood

sharps

cutting instruments including knives, scalpels, blades, needles and scissors of all types

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment i.e. gloves, mask, safety glasses and clinical attire

contact precautions

methods used to reduce exposure to infectious agents easily transmitted by direct client contact or by contact with items in the client's environment

blood-borne pathogen

microorganisms within human blood that can cause disease, "Infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C that are transported through contact with infected body fluids such as blood, semen, and vomitus"

SST

Serum separator tube

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