The first Christian emperor of Rome. Also the founder of Constantinople.
In 1492 he took three ships to sail to the Indies to prove that the earth was round. He was funded by Ferdinand and Isabelle, the Spanish king and queen.
1,000 AD He was a Viking that landed on the shores of North America.
The first European to travel the length of Asia. The European people became interested in Asia after he wrote about it.
created the moveable type printing press in 1440
the Navigator from Portugal In the mid 1400s founded a navigation school and sent out several ships to explore the west coast of Africa
by 1488 he reached the Cape of Good Hope at the Southern Tip of Africa
Vasco da Gama
sailed around Africa to India and opened a trade route
Put up the 95 thesis which were against the sales of indulgences. Roman Catholic Monk, protested the false doctrines of the church by nailing his 95 theses on the door, which were against the sales of indulgence.
Henry VIII of England
Had lots of wives, but couldnt get a son
the first person to realize that Columbus had discovered a new continent and America was named after him. 1451 to 1512
Vasco de Balboa
Crossed the isthmus of Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean in 1513
in 1592 he sailed around the world and proved once and for all that it was round.
Conquered the Aztec Indians of Mexico in 1519-1521
Conquered the Inca Indians of Peru in 1533 and forced them to work in mines.
1540 traveled northward from Mexico searching for the Seven Cities of Gold. He discovered Grand Canyon.
Hernando de Soto
He explored Florida, Georgia, NC & SC and Tennessee 1539-1540. In May 1541 he found the Mississippi.
Helped open California to the Spanish in 1442.
Queen of England- under her rule England and spain when to war at sea. She was the daughter of Henry VIII. Queen from 1558-1603. Last of the Tudor Dynasty
The king of Spain and under his rule Spain became the most powerful nation in the world. King from 1556-1598
Discovered the St. Lawrence River 1534-1535 Expedition French Explorer who discovered Country of the Canadas—the Gulf of Lawrence and the shores of the St. Lawrence River.
Samuel de Champlain
founded the first permanent French settlement in Quebec in 1608.
The main group of Indians that the French did not ally with or get along with.
wars fought with the purpose of driving the Muslims out of the Holy Land and restoring it to Christendom (The nations that professed to be Christians) AD1,000- 1,300.
early 1,300s, Rebirth of learning, emphasized the abilities of mankind and ignored God.
made by Martin Luther to protest against the sale of indulgences and the false doctrines of the church
the thought by John Calvin that we are chosen by God for our salvation
El Camino Real
the first road in the US that was traveled in 1518 from Santa Fe and Chihuahua, Mexico
was a legal system that was employed mainly by the Spanish crown during the Spanish colonization of the Americas to regulate Native American labor and autonomy. (basically a legal form of slavery)
Reformation (also the Catholic Revival or Catholic Reformation) was the period of Catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent (1545-1563) and ending at the close of the
Thirty Years' War
(1648), which is sometimes considered a response to the Protestant Reformation.
a passage that everyone thought would connect the Atlantic to the Pacific but it wasn't there.
French protestants that established Charles Fort on the coast of SC and Fort Caroline of the coast of Florida.
a religion created by Henry VIII
California and Mexico
Canada, the great lakes region and the Mississippi valley
lived in Europe very early on, first Europeans to go to American. The raided the seas in their ships.
Rise of European Middle Class
they weren't very rich or very poor (this became a class around the crusades)
Voyages of Columbus
Funded by Ferdinand and Isabella, Christopher Columbus went to prove that the Earth was round.
The first permanent European settlement in the New World.
Defeat of the Armada
there were storms so Elizabeth's armada defeated Philip II's
Impact of the Crusades on Exploration
Many new devices that helped exploration were invented: compass, better maps, improved rudders, etc
Overall impacts of the printing press
it helped bibles be translated and mass-produced
Impact of the Reformation on Exploration
The English would be strongly influenced by the Word of God while colonizing America.
Relations with the Native Americans by Spanish and French
The Spanish used them as slaves, but the French allied with them, and even married them.