Chapter 12

Created by dreamgirl0526 

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Black Death

A form of bubonic plague that killed 1/4 of Europe's population from 1347-1351

Flagellantism

Whipping oneself/others to show religious devotion

Hundred Years War

A series of wars fought between England and France from 1337-1453, ending in England losing all French territories but Calais

Joan of Arc

French military leader whose religious visions helped her organize French resistance in the Hundred Years War and allowed Charles VII to be crowned king

Chivalry

Code of conduct used by knights in the Middle Ages

Longbow

6 foot long bow developed by the English in the Hundred Years War; it shot 3 times faster than a cross bow and could pierce most armor

Babylonian Captivity

The transfer of all popes to Avignon, France from 1309-1377

Great Schism

A period of division in the Roman Catholic Church over papl succession from 1378-1417; there were multiple people claiming papal office

John Wyclif

English theologian who disagreed with the Roman Catholic Church, especially in regard to papl claims of power

Furcollar Crime

Crimes committed by nobles returning from war who were in need of money

Bear-Baiting

A sport where a dog fights a bear

Ghettoization

A process where inner cities become isolated centers of poverty and the wealthy move to suburban areas

Vernacular Literature

Literature not written in Latin, usually used to make a statement

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