Rhetorical Devices

28 terms by Machuca

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Rhetorical devices meant to allow to master the English Language.

Anadiplosis

The repetition of the last word in the last sentence in the beginning of the next sentence

Anaphora

Emphasizing words by repeating them at the beginnings of neighboring clauses

Anecdote

Short tale narrating an interesting or amusing biographical incident

Antimetabole

Repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed grammatical order EX: One for all, and all for one.

Antithesis

Obvious contrast of a previous proposition

Appositive

A noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it

Asyndeton

Conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses (veni, vidi, vici)

Begging the Question

Circular Reasoning

Climax/Climbing the Ladder

Scheme of amplification; Wrds/Phrases/Clauses ordered in order of importance.

Connotation

Suggestive meaning of a word or phrase.

Deductive Reasoning

A reasoning whose conclusions are intended to follow from the previous premise

Epistrophe

Emphasizing words by repeating them at the ends of neighboring clauses

Hyperbole

Extreme exaggeration

Inductive Reasoning

Process of reasoning in which the premises of an argument are believed to support the conclusion but do not prove it

Irony

Incongruity or discordance between what a speaker or a writer says and what he or she means, or is generally understood

Jargon

Terminology that relates to a specific activity, profession or group

Litotes

Understatement

Metonymy

use of a word for a concept or object which is associated with the concept/object originally denoted by the word (Throne ~ Royal Power)

Oxymoron

A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms

Parallelism

Means to give two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the whole a definite pattern

Periphrasis

A grammatical concept that is expressed by more than one word

Major Premise

A general statement (in a syllogism)

Minor Premise

A specific statement (in a syllogism)

Pun

A phrase that deliberately exploits confusion between similar-sounding words for humorous or rhetorical effect

Sarcasm

Stating the opposite of an intended meaning especially in order to sneeringly, slyly, jest or mock a person, situation or thing

Syllogism

Kind of logical in which one proposition (the conclusion) is inferred from two others (the premises) of a certain form

Symbol

Objects, pictures, or other concrete representations of ideas, concepts, or other abstractions

Synecdoche

A term denoting a part of something is used to refer to the whole thing

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