Industrialization Unit

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Industrial Revolution

greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England

Enclosures

Wealthy landowners purchased famer's lands and fenced lands increasing _________

Seed Drill

Jethro Tull invented the _____ _____ to space rows at specific depths, increasing crop yields.

Crop Rotation

Idea of allowing nutrients in soil that were exhausted to re-restore itself.

Industrialization

process of developing machine production of goods

4 Required Things for Industrialization

water power, iron ore, rivers, harbors

Cotton Gin

Eli Whitney invented the _____ ___ to remove seeds from cotton.

Macadam Roads

John McAdam equiped roads with layers of stones for drainage. These roads became known as ______ _____.

George Stephenson

_____ _________ worked on the first railroad line from Liverpool to Manchester.

Urbanization

City building and movement of people to cities

Entrepreneurs

Factories developed in clusters because ___________ built them near sources of energy.

Manchester

Textile manufacturing developed in _________ (city).

Cheap Labor

Women & Children were employed because they were a source of _____ _____.

Upper Middle Class

Social structure changed because some in the middle class grew wealthier than aristocrats. Because of this the _____ ______ _____ emerged.

Luddites

The ______, named after Ned Ludd, attacked factories in England out of frustration.

7 Positive Effects of The Industrial Revolution

Jobs for workers, welath of the nation, technological progress and incention, Increased prodction of goods, Hope of improvement in people's lives, expanded education possibilities, higher wages

Long Term Effects of The Industrial Revolution (2)

Living Conditions Improved, Profits produced tax revenues used for funding local, state, and federal governments

12, beaten

Young children workers worked over __ hours a day and were ______ to keep the children awake throughout the day.

Factory Act

The _______ ___ was passed. This act restricted working age and hours.

Forbade

Britain forbade/allowed engineers, mechanics, and tool makers to leave the country.

Women

_______ flocked homes to mills because of higher wages and some independence or as an alternate for being a servant.

Stock

Rights Of Ownership

Corporation

Entrepreneurs sold shares of stock. Those who bought became part owners of a ______________, a business owned by stockholders who share in profits but are not personally responsible for its debt.

Economic Strength, Military Power

Connecting railroads were built to increase _______ ________ which later strengthened their _________ _______.

Imperialism

policy of extending one's rule over other lands

Laissez Faire

economic policy of letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without interference

Adam Smith

_____ ______ defended the idea of free economy.

Self Interest, Competition, Supply and Demand

The 3 Natural Laws of Economics: _______: people work for own good; _______: forces people to make a better product; _______ and __________; enough goods at the lowest price to meet market economy demand

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