A&P II -CHAPTER FIVE & SIX PACKET

112 terms by imperative64 

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The combining form of the first part of the large intestine is

cec/o

Pertaining to the abdomen

celiac

Muscular wave like movement to transport food through the digestive system

peristalsis

Part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels

pulp

gingiv/o means

gums

Buccal means

cheek

High blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile

hyperbilirubinemia

Carries bile into the duodenum

common bile duct

Enzyme to digest starch

amylase

Chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

crohn disease

Ring of muscles

sphincter

Specialist in gums

periodontist

Stomato means

mouth

Cheil/o and Labi/o means

lip

Stone in a salivary gland

Sialadenolithiasis

Membrane that connects parts of small intestine

Mesentery

New opening from the large bowel to the surface of the body

colostomy

Fats are improperly digested and appear in the feces

steatorrhea

Lack of appetite

anorexia

Another term for jaundice

icterus

Esophageal varices are

swollen twisted veins

abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ, such as the intestine

diverticula

Telescoping of the intestine

intussusception

Difficulty in swallowing

dysphagia

White plaques on the mucous of the mouth

oral leukoplakia

Third part of the small intestine

ileum

Organ under thestomach produces insulin and enzymes

pancreas

first part of the large intestine

cecum

small sac under the liver stores bile

gallbladder

Tube connecting the throat to the stomach

esophagus

Large intestines

colon

First part of the small intestine

duodenum

Throat

pharynx

Gloss/o and ling/o means

tongue

Or/o and stomat/o means

mouth

Lapar/o and celi/o means

abdomen

Enlargement of the liver

hepatomegaly

Study of the case (of disease)

etilogy

Incision of the common bile duct

choledochotomy

Surgical repair of the roof of the mouth

palatoplasty

After meals

post prandial

New opening between the common bile duct and the jejunum

choledochojejunostomy

Inflammation of the appendix

appendicitis

Inflammation of the membrane around the abdomen

peritonitis

Inflammation of the large intestines

colitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder

cholecystitis

Inflammation of the salivary gland

sialadenitis

Inflammation of the small and large intestines

enterocolitis

Inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

Inflammation of the pancreas

pancreatitis

Inflammation of the mouth

stomatitis

Inflammation of the gums

gingivitis

Inflammation of the third part of the small intestine

ileitis

Swollen twisted veins in the rectal region

hemorrhoids

Chronic liver disease resulting from alcoholism and malnutrition

cirrhosis

Faliure of peristalsis

ileus

Calculi in the sac that stores bile

cholecystolithiasis

Sore or lesion of the mucous membrane in the stomach or duodenum

peptic ulcer

Painful, inflamed intestines often caused by bacterial infection

dysentery

Group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress, but without inflammation of the intestines

irritable bowel syndrome

Bright fresh red blood in stools

hematochezia

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

asicites

Black, dark -brown, tarry stools

melena

Membrane that holds intestines together

mesentery

Pertaining to under the tongue

glossal sublingu

New connection between two previously unconected tubes

anastomosis

Yellow-orange coloration of the skin; icterus

jaundice

rumbling or gurgling noises produced by the movement of gas or fluid

borborygmus

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

ascites

Physical process of breaking down large fat globules into smaller parts

emulsification

Salivary gland near the ear

parotid

Swallowing

deglutition

Small substance that are produced when proteins are digested

amino acids

Tiny microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine

Villi

This tube carries bile from the liver and gallbladder into the duodenum

choledochus/cbd

Chewing

mastication

Small nipple like elevations on the tongue

papillae

Large fat molecules

triglycerides

Ring of muscles at the distal region of the stomach

pyloric sphincter

Pancreatic enzyme necessaryt to digest fats

lipase

Substance produced by the stomach and necessary for digestion of foods

hydrochloric acid

Twisting of the intestine upon itself

volvulus

Small benign growths protrude from the mucous membrane of the large bowel

colonic polyposis

Failure of LES muscles to relax

achalasia

Inflammation of the mouth with open sores

apthous stomatitis or hepatic

Nutrition is given other than through the intestine

parenteral

Formation of new sugar from fats and protein

gluconeogenesis

Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract and lungs

hemotypsis

Suture

-rrhaply

New opening between the two pars of the jejunum

jejunojejunostomy

Dilation of lymph vessel

lymphangiectasis

Difficult digestion

dyspepsia

Narrowing of the opening between stomach and intestine

pyloric stenosis

What would tell the presence of Melena

stool guaiac

An ulcer would most likely be detected by what test

gastroscopy

Esophagus does not open to the stomach at birth

esophageal atresia

Bursting forth of blood from the spleen

spleenorrhagia

What test would demonstrate choledocholithiasis

transhepatic cholangiography

Opposite of -ectasis

-stenosis

Anastomosis

cholecystojejunostomy

Forward protrusion of the eye

proptosis

Suture of a weakened muscular wall

herniorrhaphy

Emesis

vomiting

Glossotomy

incision of the tongue

-ase

enzyme

-ectasia

dilation, widening, stretching

-ectomy

removal, excision, resection

-spasm

sudden involuntary contraction of muscles

orexia

appetite

-stasis

to stop, control

-ptosis

sagging, drooping, protrude

-lysis

breakdown, destruction

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