The Development of Feudalism in Western Europe

15 terms by dnjlobb

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feudalism

A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land

noble

the highest-ranking social class after the ruling family

serf

a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord

barbarian

a person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized

Christianity

the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ

monarch

a ruler, such as a king or queen

fief

land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service

vassal

in the middle ages, a noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty

manor

a large estate, including farmland and villages, held by a lord

pope

the bishop of Rome and supreme leader of the Roman Catholic Church

divine right

the belief that God gives monarchs the right to rule

duke

the highest type of European noble, ranking just below a prince

hierarchy

a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of a higher rank having more power and privileges

chivalry

the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women

William, Duke of Normandy

Conquered the English King Harold, and became king of England himself

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