AMERICAN HISTORY (BRINKLEY) CH4

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47 terms · CHAPTER 4 OF ALAN BRINKLEY'S 13TH EDITION OF AMERICAN HISTORY

KING GEORGE'S WAR

1744-1748 CONFLICT WITH THE FRENCH

WHAT INEXPERIENCED COLONEL WAS IN THE FIRST CLASH OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR AT FORT NECESSITY?

GEORGE WASHINGTON

WHAT YEAR WAS THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR STARTED?

1754

WHAT YEAR DID THE SEVEN YEAR WAR BEGIN?

1756

WHO WERE FIGHTING IN THE SEVEN YEAR WAR?

ENGLAND AND FRANCE

WHAT IS IMPRESSMENT?

THE ACT OF THE ENGLISH FORCING COLONIST TO ENLIST IN THE ARMY.

WHERE DID GENERAL EDWARD BRADDOCK FAIL TO RETAKE AND WAS KILLED?

FORT NECESSITY

IN 1757 WHO TRANSFORMED THE WAR IN AMERICA?

WILLIAM PITT, THE ENGLISH SECRETARY OF STATE.

WHAT YEAR WAS THE TREATY SIGNED BETWEEN THE ENGLISH AND FRENCH?

1763

Each of the following was a reason for the colonists to enjoy their membership in the British Empire in the 1750s EXCEPT

British subsidies for colonial industry.

During the fifty years after the Glorious Revolution, the British policy of neglect of the colonial economy

was sustained by some Parliamentary leaders who believed relaxation of restrictions would spur commerce.

By the 1750s colonial legislatures had come to see themselves as

little parliaments.

A conference of colonial leaders gathered in Albany, New York in 1754 to discuss a proposal by Benjamin Franklin to

establish "one general government" for all the colonies.

Both the French and the English were well aware that the battle for control of North America would be determined in part by

which group could win the allegiance of native tribes.

The British victory in the Great War for the Empire

gave England control of most the settled regions of North America.

Prior to the Great War for the Empire, the Iroquois Confederacy

maintained their autonomy by avoiding a close relationship with both the French and the English.

Which of the following did NOT occur during the prime ministry of William Pitt?

Most of the fighting was done by colonial militia.

For which of the following was the result of the Great War for the Empire a disaster?

the Iroquois Confederacy

The English decision to reorganize the British Empire after 1763 was the result of

enormous war debts and large increases in territory.

George III influenced the growing strain between the colonies and Great Britain through

his insecure personality, which contributed to the instability of the British government during these years.

In an effort to keep peace between frontiersmen and Indians and provide for a more orderly settlement of the West, the British government

forbade settlers from crossing the mountains that divided the Atlantic coast from the interior.

Which of the following was a consequence of the policies of the Grenville ministry?

British tax revenues in the colonies increased ten times.

British policies after 1763

actually helped the colonial economy.

Colonists argued that the Stamp Act was not proper because

colonies could be taxed only by their provincial assemblies.

British authorities decided to repeal the Stamp Act primarily because of the

economic pressure caused by a colonial boycott of English goods.

Townshend believed his taxes on the colonists would not be protested because they were

"external" taxes—taxes on goods brought from overseas.

The Boston Massacre

was probably the result of panic and confusion.

Colonial "committees of correspondence" were created to

publicize grievances against England

American complaints concerning lack of representation made little sense to the English, who pointed out that

each member of Parliament represented the interests of the whole empire rather than a particular individual or geographical area

Colonists felt that when the English constitution was allowed to function properly, it created the best political system because it

distributed power among the three elements of society—the monarchy, the aristocracy, and the common people.

The Coercive or Intolerable Acts

made Massachusetts a martyr in the eyes of other colonies

Which of the following was NOT a step taken by the First Continental Congress?

It adopted a plan for a colonial union under British authority.

By the 1750s, most Americans felt little loyalty to the British crown. T/F

False

The French were able to forge good relations with the Indian tribes because they were more tolerant of the Indian way of life than the British.

True

Before the Great War for the Empire, England, France, and Spain had been at peace with each other for nearly half a century.

False

The Seven Years' War, the French and Indian War, and the Great War for the Empire are all the same war.

True

After the Peace of Paris of 1763, the English were inclined to let the colonies go their own way, with few restrictions.

False

England was fortunate that King George III was young, bright, and surprisingly mature for his age.

False

Because they needed protection, colonists in both the East and the West were glad to have regular British troops stationed permanently in America.

False

The formation of groups known as the "Paxton Boys" and the "Regulators" revealed that colonists in the West believed they were not being treated fairly by colonists in the East.

True

Colonists were concerned over the immediate impact of the Stamp Act, not its long-range implications.

False

Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, and in the Declaratory Act it declared that it would not tax the colonies in this way again.

False

Colonists responded to the Townshend duties with agreements not to import the taxed goods.

True

Americans wanted their representatives to "actually" represent them, while the British claimed that Parliament represented all British citizens, no matter where they lived.

True

Women, especially southern women, took no part in the protests and boycotts rising from the Coercive Acts.

False

Those who attended the Continental Congress did not intend for it to be a continuing organization.

False

The fighting at Lexington and Concord caused many who previously had little enthusiasm for the rebel cause to rally to it.

True

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