The Living Body (terms)

31 terms by jenib13 

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Homeostasis

Process of maintaining normal balance

Pathophysiology

The study of the function of disease (how disease processes work to cause dysfunction in the body)

Predisposing Factors

Increase an individual's vulnerability or susceptibility to a particular disease

Clinical Presentation

The manifestation of a disease

Symptom

A subjective complaint from a patient. A patients perception of discomfort.

Sign

An objective finding by the examining health care professional. Open to interpretation and is measurable.

Subclinical or Asymptomatic

Even though a disease is present, it does not produce symptoms that are noticeable by the patient

Syndrome

When a disease process always has a specific set of signs and symptoms that occur together.

Generalized or Nonspecific

When signs and symptoms are so common. By themselves they do not indicate any particular disease.

Complication

Additional abnormalities that develop as the result of the disease.

Primary

The first or initial disease

Secondary

Other dysfunctions that occur on top of the primary condition or because of the primary condition

Sequela

What can come after a disease (sequel)

Acute

A sudden onset of signs and symptoms, which can be severe

Chronic

Gradual onset; sometimes described as insidious (longer than 6 months)

Localized

Effect of a disease confined to one area

Systemic or Generalized

Effect of a disease that spread to many parts of the body

Diagnosis

The process of identifying the manifestations so that the disease can be named

Palpation

To feel and determine with the hands

Ausculation

To listen to sounds with a stethoscope

Supportive Therapy

Support of the body's needs to make it as strong as possible so that is may overcome the disease

Palliative Therapy

Provides relief from signs and symptoms (anti-inflammatory medications, steroids, pain relievers)

Self-limiting

If a disease does not require treatment to be cured and resolves on its own

Endogenous

Coming from within the body

Exogenous

Coming from outside the body

Matrix

Structural ground substance that houses the parenchymal cells

Parenchymal cells

Those cells that perform a function

Lesion

Either a disruption in the continuity of the tissues caused by disease or trauma, or the loss of function of a part.

Megaly

Suffix that describes an organ that is enlarged

Compensation

When the body attempts to make up or compensate for the effects of a disorder.

Atrophy

Shrinking or withering away; caused by disuse of a body part or organ.

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