Medical Terminology - Ch. 3

61 terms by kerrrn_3

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Directional Terms and Anatomical Planes and Regions...

ventr/o

belly (front)

cephal/o

head (upward)

later/o

side

medi/o

middle

infer/o

below

proxim/o

near (the point of attachment of a body part)

super/o

above

dist/o

away (from the point of atachment of a body part)

dors/o

back

caud/o

tail (downward)

anter/o

front

poster/o

back, behind

-ad

toward

-ior

pertaining to

anterior

pertaining to the front

anteriorposterior

pertaining to the front and to the back

bilateral

pertaining to two sides

caudad

toward the tail (downward)

caudal

pertaining to the tail

cephalad

toward the head

cephalic

pertaining to the head

distal

pertaining to away (from the point of reference)

dorsal

pertaining to the back

inferior

pertaining to below

lateral

pertaining to a side

mediad

toward the middle

medial

pertaining to the middle

mediolateral

pertaining to the middle and to the side

posterior

pertaining to the back

posterioranterior

pertaining to the back and to the front

proximal

pertaining to the near (from the point of reference)

superior

pertaining to above

unilateral

pertaining to one side (only)

ventral

pertaining to the belly (front)

transverse plane

the plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions

frontal or coronal plane

the plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

midsagittal plane

the plane that divides the body into right and left halves

sagittal plane

the plane that divides the body into right and left sides

epigastric region

superior to the umbilical region and around the naval (top middle)

hypochondriac region

right and left of the epigastric region (top sides)

hypogastric region

inferior to the umbilical region (bottom middle)

iliac region

right and left of the hypogastric region (bottom sides)

lumbar region

right and left of the umbilical region (middle sides)

umbilical region

inferior to the epigastric region (middle middle)

right upper quadrant

refers to the area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines and the right kidney

left upper quadrant

refers to the area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, teh stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas and portions of the small and large intestines, and the left kidney

right lower quadrant

refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter, and the right ovary, and uterine tube in women or the right spermatic duct in men

left lower quadrant

refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, and the left ovary, and uterine tube in women or the left spermatic duct in men

RUQ

right upper quadrant

LUQ

left upper quadrant

RLQ

right lower quadrant

LLQ

left lower quadrant

sup

superior

ant

anterior

inf

inferior

PA

posterioranterior

AP

anteriorposterior

med

medial

lat

lateral

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