ND ELA 7th Grade Standard and Benchmark Vocabulary

41 terms by damickelson 

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Fiction

Anything that is invented or imagined, especially a prose narrative.

Non-fiction

Any prose narrative that tells about things as they actually happen or that presents factual information about something. Common forms: Autobiography, Biography, and many Essays.

Graphic Organizer

a visual and graphic display that depicts the relationships between facts, terms, and or ideas within a learning task.

Summarize

the act of preparing a summary (or an instance thereof); stating briefly and succinctly

Paraphrase

To use the ideas or words of another person, but stating them in your own words.

Context Clues

hints provided in text, which lead the reader to meanings of words. Context clues come in several categories, as many as ten, but there are five that are most commonly used. They are Definition, Synonym, Antonym, Example, and Mood.

Foreshadowing

The use of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest what action is to come.

Point of View

The vantage point from which a narrative is told. Common points of view: First Person and Third Person

Plot Development

The sequence of events or happenings in a literary work.

Protagonist

the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work

Antagonist

One who opposes and contends against another; an adversary. The principal character in opposition to the protagonist or hero of a drama or other literary work.

Theme

The main idea or the basic meaning of a literary work.

Personification

A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or an idea is given personality, or described s if it were human.

Simile

A comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison, such as 'like' or 'as'.

Metaphor

A comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them.

Hyperbole

A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year or This book weighs a ton.

Alliteration

The repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants or consonant clusters, in a group of words.

Onomatopoeia

The use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggest its meaning.

Rhyme

The repetition of two or more words or phrases that usually appear close to each other in a poem.

Rhythm

The arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a pattern.

Repetition

The return of a word, phrase, stanza form, or effect in any form of literature.

Synonym

two words that can be interchanged in a context (be careful to replace words of one part of speech for words of the same part of speech).

Antonym

a word that expresses a meaning opposite to the meaning of another word.

Prefix

A letter or group of letters attached to the beginning of a word that partly indicates its meaning.

Suffix

a letter, syllable, or group of syllables added at the end of a word or word base to change its meaning

Analogy

An extended comparison showing the similarities between two things.

Dictionary

a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them.

Thesaurus

a book containing a classified list of synonyms.

Glossary

an alphabetical list of technical terms in some specialized field of knowledge; usually published as an appendix to a text.

Plagiarism

a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work.

Persuasion

the act of persuading (or attempting to persuade); communication intended to induce belief or action

Capitalization

writing in capital letters.

Dialogue

a conversation between two persons - spoken or in a work of literature.

Commas

a punctuation mark (,) used to indicate the separation of elements within the grammatical structure of a sentence.

Question Marks

a punctuation mark (?) placed at the end of a sentence to indicate a question.

Apostrophes

The superscript sign ( ' ) used to indicate the omission of a letter or letters from a word, the possessive case, or the plurals of numbers, letters, and abbreviations.

Colons

- a. A punctuation mark ( : ) used after a word introducing a quotation, an explanation, an example, or a series and often after the salutation of a business letter.
b. The sign ( : ) used between numbers or groups of numbers in expressions of time (2:30 A.M.) and ratios (1:2)

Double Negative

an incorrect grammatical construction created from two negatives; "A not unwelcome outcome"

Simple Sentence

a sentence having no coordinate clauses or subordinate clauses.

Compound Sentence

A sentence of two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by a conjunction or conjunctions.

Complex Sentence

a sentence composed of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause.

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