Chapter 3

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Adobe Captivate

a multimedia authoring software application that allows users to create engaging and interactive Flash videos.

Adobe Dreamweaver

Web page authoring software.

AppleWorks

popular integrated software package for Macintosh computers.

application program

programs designed to perform specific tasks for users; examples include educational, business, and scientific computer programs. Also called application software, or software application.

application software

programs designed to perform specific tasks for users; examples include educational, business, and scientific computer programs. Also called application, or software application.

appointment calendar

feature of personal information manager used to schedule activities.

assistant

automated tool that helps a user complete a task by asking questions and automatically performing actions based on the answers. Also called wizard.

AutoSave

feature that automatically saves open documents at specified time periods.

beaming

a method of transferring data through an infrared port.

border

decorative line or pattern along one or more edges of a page or graphic.

button

graphical element (usually a rectangular or circular shape) that, when selected, causes a specific action to take place.

Camtasia Studio

a multimedia authoring software solution for recording, editing, and sharing high-quality videos on the Web, CDs, DVDs, and portable media players, including Apple's iPod and Microsoft's Zune.

cell

the intersection of a column and a row in a spreadsheet.

chart

graphical illustration of the relationship of numeric data.

clip art

type of graphic that may include drawings, diagrams, and photographs that can be inserted in other documents.

clip art collection

contain several hundred to several thousand images, usually are grouped by type, such as buildings, people, or nature.

clip art/image gallery

collection of clip art images, pictures, video clips, and audio files.

Clipboard

temporary storage location for electronically storing text or other information during cut or copy operations.

command

instructions that cause a computer program to perform specific actions.

copy

process of duplicating a portion of a document and electronically storing it in a temporary storage location called the Clipboard.

creating

process of developing a document by entering text or numbers, designing graphics, and performing other tasks using an input device such as a keyboard or mouse.

curriculum page

teacher-created document or Web page that contains hyperlinks to teacher-selected and evaluated sites that assist in teaching content-specific curriculum objectives.

cut

process of removing a portion of a document and electronically storing it in a temporary storage location called the Clipboard.

database

collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data.

database file

collection of related data that is organized in records.

database software

software used to create a computerized database; add, change, and delete data, sort and retrieve data from the database and create forms and reports using the data in the database.

delete

process of removing text or other information from a document's existing content.

desktop

onscreen work area that uses common graphical elements such as icons, buttons, windows, menus, and dialog boxes, to make it easy and intuitive for users to interact with the computer.

desktop publishing (DTP) software

software used to design, produce, and deliver sophisticated documents that contain text, graphics, and brilliant colors.

dialog box

special window displayed by a program to provide information, present available options, or request a response using command buttons, option buttons, text boxes, and check boxes.

document

piece of work created with an application program and saved on a storage medium with a unique file name.

editing

process of making changes to a document's existing content.

educational software

software designed for the learning environment that supports learning objectives and goals.

entertainment software

software that includes interactive games, videos, and other programs designed to support a hobby or just provide amusement and enjoyment.

FAQ (frequently asked questions)

answers to frequently asked questions contained in many Web pages and newsgroups.

field

collection of related facts in a database.

file

named collection of related data, instructions, or information, such as a document, a program, or a set of data used by a program.

filename

unique set of letters, numbers, and other characters that identifies a file.

find

feature that locates all occurrences of a particular character, word, or phrase. Also called search feature.

font

name given to a specific design of characters.

font size

size of characters in a particular font.

font style

feature that adds emphasis to a font, such as bold, italic, and underline.

footer

text at the bottom of each page.

formatting

process of changing the appearance of a document.

formula

calculations performed on numeric data in a spreadsheet; results are displayed in the cell containing the formula.

function

predefined formula that performs common calculations such as adding the values in a group of cells.

grade book software

program that allows teachers to track and organize student tests, homework, lab work, and other scores.

graphical user interface (GUI)

user interface that combines text, graphics, and other visual cues such as icons that allow a user to interact with software.

header

text at the top of each page in a document.

Help

feature integrated into an application software package that is the electronic equivalent of a user manual; provides assistance in learning how to use an application software package.

icon

small image that represents a program, instruction, or some other object.

image editing software

software used to draw pictures, shapes, and other graphics using various tools on the screen such as a pen, brush, eye dropper, and paint bucket and is used to modify existing graphics.

import

process of bringing objects into a document.

insert

process of adding text or other information to a document's existing content.

label

text entered in a spreadsheet cell used to identify data and help organize a spreadsheet.

legal software

software that assists in the preparation of legal documents and provides legal advice to individuals, families, and small businesses.

Linux

popular, multitasking UNIX-type operating system that is one of the faster growing operating systems in use today. Linux is open source software, which means its code is available free to the public.

Mac OS X

unique operating system used by many Macintosh computers. Version of Macintosh operating system, released in 2001and upgraded in 2004 and 2007. Mac OS X is a significant upgrade to the previous Macintosh operating systems.

Mac OS, version 9.1

older version of Mac OS operating system used by many users of Apple and Macintosh school computers.

margin

portion of a page outside the main body of text, on the top, bottom, and sides of the paper.

menu

list of commands from which a user can select.

Microsoft Office Open XML Formats

can be used as a Web page authoring program.

Microsoft Publisher

can be used as a Web page authoring program.

Microsoft Windows

most used personal computer operating system and graphical user interface in the world.

Microsoft Works

popular integrated software package for PCs.

multimedia authoring software

application software that enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, graphs, drawings, or sketches anywhere on a page and then save the page as part of an electronic notebook.

note taking software

application software that enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, graphs, drawings, or sketches anywhere on a page and then save the page as part of an electronic notebook.

notepad

feature of personal information manager used to record ideas, reminders, and other important information.

online banking

offers access to account balances, provides bill payment services, and allows users to download transactions and statements from the Web.

open source software

software that has code available free to the public.

operating system

one of the more important programs on a computer that contains instructions that coordinate all of the activities of the hardware devices.

page layout

process of arranging text and graphics in a document.

paint software

software used to draw pictures, shapes, and other graphics using various tools on the screen such as a pen, brush, eye dropper, and paint bucket.

paste

process of placing items stored on the Clipboard into a document.

personal finance software

simplified accounting program used to pay bills, balance a checkbook, track personal income and expenses, track investments, and evaluate financial plans.

personal information manager (PIM)

software installed on PDAs that includes an appointment calendar, address book, and notepad used to organize personal information such as appointments and task lists.

photo-editing software

software used to edit digital photographs.

Pocket PC

a type of PDA that uses the Pocket PC operating system software developed by Microsoft.

point

move an indicator to a particular position on the screen by using a pointing device such as a mouse

presentation

document created with presentation graphics software, used to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group.

presentation graphics software

software used to create presentations, which are used to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group.

printing

process of sending a file to a printer to generate output on a medium such as paper.

productivity software

software designed to make people more effective and efficient while performing daily activities; includes applications such as word processing, spreadsheet, database, presentation graphics, and personal information management.

record

collection of fields (related facts) in a database.

reference software

software that provides valuable and thorough information for everyone in an educational setting and in the family.

replace

feature that substitutes existing characters or words with new ones.

saving

process of copying a document from memory to a storage medium.

school management software

centralized program that allows district and school personnel to manage school district operations.

scrolling

process of moving different portions of a document onto the screen into view.

search

feature that locates all occurrences of a particular character, word, or phrase. Also called find feature.

slide

document produced using presentation software that is displayed on a computer's monitor or a large-screen television, or projected on a screen; can be made into traditional overhead transparencies, or printed and given as handouts.

slide sorter

feature of presentation graphics software that allows viewing of small versions of all slides, used to organize a presentation.

software package

name given to a particular software product, such as Microsoft Word.

software suite

collection of individual software applications sold in the same box for a price that is significantly less than buying the applications separately.

special needs software

software designed specifically for students with physical impairments or learning disabilities, to assist them in completing school assignments and everyday tasks.

speech recognition

computer's capability of distinguishing spoken words. Also called voice recognition.

speech synthesis software

software used by students with speech and vocal muscle disorders to participate in classroom discussions.

spell checker

spelling review feature that compares words in a document to an electronic dictionary that is part of the software. Also called spelling checker.

spelling checker

spelling review feature that compares words in a document to an electronic dictionary that is part of the software. Also called spell checker.

spreadsheet

rows and columns of numeric data. Also called worksheet.

spreadsheet software

software used to organize numeric data in rows and columns.

student management software

a centralized program that allows administrators, teachers, and other staff to manage and track information on students.

synchronize

a feature of PDAs that allows users to transfer information and programs from a PDA to a personal computer and vice versa.

system software

programs that control the operations of a computer and its devices; includes the operating system and utility programs. System software serves as the liaison between a user and the computer's hardware.

tax preparation software

software that guides individuals, families, or small businesses through the process of filing federal taxes.

template

a document that contains the formatting necessary for a specific document type.

title bar

located at the top of a window, a horizontal space that contains the window's name.

trade book

book available to help a user learn to use the features of software application packages.

tutorial

step-by-step instructions, or teaching program that uses real examples that show a user how to use an application.

UNIX

multitasking operating system originally developed for mainframe computers but used today for computers of all sizes

upgrade

new version of software product designed to replace an older version of the same product.

user interface

part of all software with which a user interacts that controls how data and instructions are entered (input) and how the computer presents information on the screen (output).

value

number in a spreadsheet cell.

version

number designation for software.

video

photographic images or visual frames that are played back at speeds of 15 to 60 frames per second and provide the appearance of full motion in real time.

voice recognition

computer's capability of distinguishing spoken words. Also called speech recognition.

Web page authoring software

issues about software. Users can often search Help Web sites for answers to questions.

Web-based Help

provides updates and more comprehensive resources to respond to both technical and nontechnical issues about software. Some Help Web sites contain chat rooms, in which a user can talk directly with a technical support person.

WebBlender

Web page authoring software.

window

rectangular area of the screen used to display a program, data, and/or information.

Windows Vista

the successor to Windows XP and released in 2007.

Windows Vista Home Basic

designed for basic home use.

Windows Vista Home Premium

includes all the capabilities of Windows Vista Home Basic and also offers the Windows Aero interface, provides tools to create DVDs and edit movies, record and watch television shows, and connect to a game console.

Windows Vista Ultimate

includes all features of Windows Vista Home Premium and provides additional features designed to make mobile users' computers more secure and easier to network.

wizard

automated tool that helps a user complete a task by asking questions and automatically performing actions based on the answers. Also called assistant.

word processing software

most widely-used application software, used to create, edit, and format documents that consist primarily of text.

wordwrap

positioning of text that extends beyond a page margin or window margin at the beginning of the next line; performed automatically by a word processor.

worksheet

rows and columns of numeric data. Also called spreadsheet.

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