Philippine Literature during the Spanish Regime

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This is lecture about the literature that Filipinos had during the Spanish colonization... which was over 300 years.

April 14, 1521

On this year the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (serving the Spanish royalty) arrived at the islands of the Philippines and erected a wooden cross on the shores of Cebu

What happened in April 14, 1521

began the Spanish colonization and introduced Roman Catholicism in the Philippines

1593

The Dominicans introduced the xylographic press

Xylographic press

It is printing that involved wood cutting and made possible the production of religious literature

Folk songs

These are songs that reflect the folk way of Filipinos and it is also defined as spontaneous expressions

Doctrina Christiana

It is the first book printed in the Philippines. It is in Filipino and Spanish and is for the exclusive use of missionaries. It is used as a script to convert Filipinos into Catholics

Religious Literature

Examples of these and booklets on catechism, religious stories of Martyrs and saints, passion of the Christ, and prayer books.

Carillo

It is a shadow play using puppets made from cardboard skillfully manipulated by a narrator behind the screen

Duplo

It is an elaborate debate about religion.

Karagatan

It is a less elaborate debate that is also considered a parlor game

Duplo and Karagatan

Both are debates and were means to relieve the monotony and sadness of the prayers for the dead in funerals

Moro-moro

It is a play that depicts battles between Christians and Muslims in the Philippines. In these plays, the Muslims are the villains and in the end, the Christians always win

Awit

It has 4 lines in a stanza, and 12 syllables in a line. An example of this is Florante at Laura.

Corrido

It has 4 lines in a stanza, and 8 syllables in a line. An example of this is Ibong Adarna

Metrical tales

These are tales that were poetic originally

Ladinos

These are native Filipinos who were taught Spanish and served as translators to the Spanish government

Drama

This is a kind of literature that was meat to be performed on a stage. It shows communication between the actors and the audience.

Ilustrados

These are rich Filipinos during the Spanish Era

The Propaganda movement

included the upper class Filipinos, liberals, and students attending European universities.

Upper class Filipinos, liberals, and students attending European universities

strove to awaken the sleeping intellect of the Spaniards to the needs of our country

Diariong Tagalog

This was the first native daily newspaper founded by Marcelo H. del Pilarr in 1882 (July - October)

La Solidaridad

This was a biweekly newspaper in Barcelona, Spain, established in1889 by Graciano Lopez Jaena. It went out of business in 1895.

Jose Rizal's Novels

(One:) Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not) in 1886
(Two:) El Filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed) in 1891

Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo

depicted the conditions of Spanish rule in the islands, particularly the abuses of the friars.
Although they were banned, they were smuggled into the Philippines and rapidly gained wide readership (which lead to Filipino national consciousness)

Marcelo H. del Pilar

Plaride

Jose Rizal

Laon Laan

Antonio Luna

Taga Ilog

Mariano Ponce

Kalipulo

Tigbalang

Jose Maria Panganiban

Jomapa

Dr. Pedro Paterno

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