AP world history chapter 3 terms

30 terms by KyleChristenson

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untouchables

LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult

ramayana

one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne

arthashastra

India's political how-to guide, Mauryan empire

gurus

brahmans who were teachers for the princes of the imperial court of the guptas

dharma

In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties

upanishads

philosophical texts sacred to the hindu religion.

mandala

A religious symbol associated with meditation, usually created with geometric patterns and shapes

kamasutra

(Hinduism) an ancient Sanskrit text giving rules for sensuous and sensual pleasure and love and marriage in accordance with Hindu law

karma

In Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life

mahabharata

a great indian epic poem, reflecting the struggles of the aryans as they moved south into india

stupas

religious buildings that originally housed Buddha relics. Stupas developed into familiar Buddhist architecture

mauryas

The first great indian empire.

kushanas

dynasty that succeeded the Mauryas;

tamil

the name of a language and people group in southern india

reincarnation

belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death

nirvana

a condition of great peace or happiness

guptas

A dynasty that united the indian states after the Mauryan empire.

sanskrit

the most important language of ancient India

skanda gupta

Last of the able rulers of the Gupta dynasty; following his reign the empire dissolved under the pressure of nomadic invasions

buddha

founder of Buddhism

chandragupta maurya

king, founder of the Mauryan Empire

ashoka

grandson of Chandragupta Maurya; completed conquests of Indian subcontinent; converted to Buddhism and sponsored spread of new religion throughout his empire

kautilya

political advisor to Chandragupta Maurya; believed in scientific application of warfare

himalayas

The highest mountains in the world, which stretch along northern India, separating it from the rest of Asia.

vedas

Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.

varnas

The social divisions of the Aryan Society that included from top to bottom: 1)priests (Brahmins), 2) rulers or warriors; 3) farmers, craftspeople, traders; 4) workers and servants (Sudras)

jati

(Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India

indra

chief god of the Rig-Veda

brahma

A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.

yoga

a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind

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