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actual malice

in libel law, a reckless disregard for the truth, such as when a reporter or an editor knows that a statement is false and prints or airs it anyway.

add

A typewritten page of copy following the first page.

anecdotal lead

A newspaper story beginning that uses humor or an interesting incident.

angle

The focus of, or approach to, a story.

AP The Associated Press

A worldwide news-gathering cooperative owned by its subscribers.

beat

A reporter's assigned area of responsibility. It may be an institution, a geographical area or a subject, such as science.

brightener

A story, usually short, that is humorous or pleasing to the reader.

byline

A line identifying the author of a story.

circulation department

The department responsible for distribution of the newspaper.

civil law

Statutes under which an individual or a group can take action against another group or individual.

clips

Stories clipped from your own or other newspapers.

closed-ended question

A direct question designed to draw a specific response; for example, "Will you be a candidate?"

copy

What reporters write. A story is a piece of copy.

cover

To keep abreast of significant developments on a beat or to report on a specfic event.

cub

A beginning reporter.

cutline

The caption that accompanies a newspaper or magazine photograph.

delayed-identification lead

Opening paragraph of a story in which the "who" is identified by occupation, city office or any means other than by name.

editorialize

To inject the reporter's or the newspaper's opinion into a news story or headline.

follow

A story supplying further information about an item that has already been published.

futures files

A collection, filed according to date, of newspaper clippings, letters, notes, and other information to remind editors of stories to assign.

general manager

The individual responsible for the business operations of a newspaper.

graf

A shortened form of paragraph.

hard news

Coverage of the actions of government or business; or the reporting of an event, such as a crime, an accident or a speech.

soft news

Stories about trends, personalities, or lifestyles.

human-interest story

A piece valued more for its emotional impact or oddity than for its importance.

immediate-identification lead

The opening paragraph of a story in which the "who" is reported by name.

inverted pyramid

The organization of a news story in which information is arranged in descending order of importance.

lay out(v.)

The process of preparing page drawings to indicate where stories and pictures are to be placed in the newspaper.

layout (n.)

The completed page drawing.

lead

The first paragraph or first several paragraphs of a newspaper story. 2) The story given the best display on page one.

lead story

The major story on top of page one.

libel

Damage to a person's reputation caused by a false written statement that brings the person into hatred, contempt or ridicule, or injures his or her business or occupation.

multiple-element lead

The opening paragraph of a story that reports two or more newsworthy elements.

off the record

Usually means "don't quote me."

op-ed pages

The page opposite the editorial page, frequently reserved for columns, letters to the editor and personality profiles.

paraphrase

A paraphrase digests, condenses, and clarifies a quotation to convey the meaning more precisely than the way the speaker expressed it.

participant observation

A research technique in which the reporter joins in the activity he or she wants to write about.

plagiarism

A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

press

The machine that prints a newspaper. Also a synonym for a journalist or journalism.

profile

A story intended to reveal the personality or character of an institution or person.

Pulitzer Prize

Most prestigious prize for journalists or photographers

roundup

A story including a number of related events.

shield laws

Legislation giving journalists the right to protect the identity of sources.

sidebar

A secondary story intended to be run with a major story on the same topic.

sources

People or records from which a reporter gets information.

story

The term most journalists use for a newspaper article.

take

A page of typewritten copy for newspaper use.

tip

A fragment of information that may lead to a story.

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