King's A&P Language of Medicine Chapter 1

138 terms by KareninMonroe

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Davi-Ellen Chabner, The Language of Medicine, 9th Edition, Chapter 1

aden/o

gland

arthr/o

joint

carcin/o

cancerous, cancer

cardi/o

heart

cephal/o

head

cerebr/o

cerebrum

cerebrum

largest part of the brain

adenoma

tumor of a gland

adenitis

inflammation of a gland

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

biology

study of living things

biopsy

removal of tissue from body for examination

carcinoma

cancerous tumor derived from epethelial tissue

cardiology

study of the heart

cephalic

pertaining to the head

cerebral

pertaining to the cerebrum

cis/o

to cut (as in 'incision')

crin/o

to secrete; to form and give off (as in 'endocrine')

cyst/o

urinary bladder; a sac or cyst containing fluid

cystoscopy

visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope

cyt/o

study of cells (as in 'cytology)

derm/o

skin

hypodermic

under or below the skin

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

dermat/o

skin

electr/o

electricity

encephal/o

brain

enter/o

intestines (usually small intestine)

enteritis

inflammation of the small intestine

erythr/o

red; red blood cells are erythrocytes

erythrocyte

red blood cell

gastr/o

stomach

gastrectomy

removal of all or part of stomach

gastrotomy

process of cutting into the stomach

glyc/o

sugar

gnos/o

knowledge; as in 'diagnosis'

gynec/o

woman, female

hemat/o

blood

hem/o

blood

hematology

study of blood

hematoma

mass or collection of blood (-oma)

hepat/o

liver

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

hemoglobin

protein that carries oxygen in the red blood cells

iatr/o

treatment, physician;

iatrogenic

adverse results from treatment by a physician, "John's hair loss was determined to be iatrogenic because this is not a normal reaction to penecillin".

leuk/o

white

leukocyte

white blood cells

log/o

study of

nephr/o

kidney

nephritis

inflammation of kidney

neur/o

nerve

neurology

study of the nervous system

onc/o

tumor

oncology

study of tumors

opthalm/o

eye

oste/o

bone

osteitis

inflammation of the bone

osteoarthritis

inflammation of bone and joint due to aging

path/o

disease

pathology

study of diseases

ped/o

child

psych/o

mind

psychologist

one who studies mental illnesses and performs behavioral therapy with clients; cannot prescribe medications

psychiatrist

a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders; can prescribe medication

radi/o

x-rays

ren/o

kidney

rhin/o

nose

rhinitis

inflammation of the nose

sarc/o

flesh

sarcoma

fleshy tumor; grows from muscle, bone, fat.

sect/o

to cut

resection

to cut back or out; gastric resection = gastrectomy

re-

means "back"

thromb/o

clot, clotting

thrombocyte

platelets that clot blood

thrombus

a clot

thrombosis

condition of formation of a clot

ur/o

urinary tract, urine

urology

study of urinary system and organs of the male reproductive system

-ac

pertaining to

-al

pertaining to

-algia

pain

-cyte

cell

-ectomy

excision, removal

-emia

blood condition

-genic

pertaining to producing; produced by; or produced in

pathogenic

production of disease

-globin

protein

-gram

record

-ic, -ical

pertaining to

-ion

process

-ist

specialist

-itis

inflammation

-logy

process of study

-oma

tumor, mass, swelling

-opsy

process of viewing

-osis

condition (abnormal); increase in number (blood cells only)

-pathy

disease condition

-scope

instrument to visually examine

-scopy

process of visually examining with endoscope

-sis

condition; state of

-tomy

process of cutting, incision

-y

process, condition

a-, an-

no, not, without (anemia)

aut-, auto-

self, own

autopsy

process of viewing by oneself; examination of a dead body with one's own eyes

dia-

through; complete

end-, endo-

within

epi-

above, upon

epigastric

above the stomach area

ex-, exo-

out, outside of

hyper-

excessive, above, more than normal

hypo-

deficient, below, under, less than normal

in-

into, in

peri-

surrounding; around

pro-

before, foreward

retro-

behind

sub-

below, under

trans-

across

gastroenterologist

treats diseases of the stomach and intestines

nephrologist

treats diseases of the kidneys

prefixes

word beginnings

suffixes

word endings

root

foundation of a word

a letter that links a suffix and root word, or two root words

combining vowel

combination of a root and combining vowel

combining form

subhepatic

below the liver

prognosis

outlook of a condition

diagnosis

"complete knowledge"; decision about the nature of a condition after tests are performed

anemia

condition of deficient hemoglobin in red blood cells or an insufficient number of erythrocytes

CVA

cerebrovascular accident; stroke

exocrine glands

a gland that secretes hormones into a duct or onto a body surface

endocrine glands

Ductless glands that release hormones directly into the bloodstream

pericardium

around the heart; sac filled with fluid that surrounds the heart

hyperglycemic

excessive sugar in the blood

hypoglycemic

too little sugar in the blood

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