Two acids are joined together by a peptide bond to form a dipeptide. What is the by-product of this process
Benito is a healthy 19-year-old college student who is sedentary. He is 5'11" tall and weighs 175 pounds. How many grams of protein would you recommend he consumes?
Ian is hospitalized for dehydration after experiencing severe vomiting and diarrhea. Which of the following is NOT associated with Ian's dehydrated condition?
The extracellular electrolyte concentration will be very low.
The ability of a muscle to contract and relax is dependent on the flow of _______ in and out of the muscle cell.
Better suffers from hypertension, and her physician has advised her to reduce her salt intake. Which of the following recommendations would you suggest Bette use to lower her sodium intake?
a. Avoid processed foods such as canned soups and quick cooking items.
b. Choose fresh fruit and veggies
c. DASH Diet
After completing a 10K run, Bonita notices her urine is brown and similar to the color of cola. What does this indicate about Bonita's hydration status?
She is suffering from severe dehydration and needs treatment immediately.
Glucose is the preferred source of energy for which of the following?
a. red blood cells
c. central nervous system
In the absence of carbohydrate, ____are produced from the incomplete breakdown of the body fat.
Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not absorbed by the body?
How many grams of carbohydrate (per day) are recommended to prevent ketosis in healthy individuals? (RDA)
Over 16 million Americans have diabetes. Which of the following is the most prevalent form of diabetes?
Yogurt is tolerated better than milk by many lactase-deficient people because:
bacteria in yogurt help digest the lactose.
A fatty acid that contains a chain of 10 carbons and one double bond is termed a:
monounsaturated, medium chain fatty acid.
the process of adding hydrogen too an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid fat is called
to facilitate the digestion of dietary fats, the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as:
To lower cardiovascular risk it is recommended that we consume less than ______ of our total daily caloric intake from saturated fat.
The following is TRUE regarding the science of nutrition
a. as compared to many other scientific disciplines, nutrition is a young science
b. discoveries by the first nutritional scientist established the connection between deficiencies and illnesses.
c. in developed countries current research in nutrition focuses on the relationship between diet and chronic disease
Jane consumed a breakfast that contained 85g of carbohydrates, 20 grams of protein, and 18 grams of fat. How many kilocalories did Jane eat at breakfast?
85*4 = 340
20*4 = 80
18*9 = 162
the Dietary reference intake (DRI's) were established to re-focus nutrient recommendations toward preventing
_______ are strongly accepted principles supported by many hypotheses that have been collectively confirmed through repeated research.
the four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and _______.
the information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2,000 calories a day is called the:
% daily value
the nutrition facts panel on a box of crackers indicates that one serving provides 140 calories, with 55 calories coming from fat, what is the % of fat coming from calories?
55/140 = .39
the dietary guidelines for Americans recommends a minimum of:
30 minutes of moderate activity most or all days of the week
the fruits section of MyPyramid emphasizes: "Focus on fruits" and encourages the consumption of all of the following EXCEPT
______ is the slogan used by my-pyramid to encourage gradual improvements in diet and lifestyle.
steps to a healthier you
according to my-pyramid, which of the following foods would count toward an individuals discretionary calorie intake?
these are many types of diet plans available today. The overall best diet plan is one that
fits the lifestyle and needs of the individual
appetite is triggered by
the culture in which one is raised
the smell, taste, and texture of food
the time of day
what is the term that describes the process in which foods are broken down into their component molecules?
bob eats is breakfast. His GI tract will now begin the process of digestion and absorbing the nutrients from this meal. What is the order in which each of the organs of the GI tract will work to achieve this process?
mouth; esophagus; stomach; small intestine; large intestine
which best explains why carbohydrate digestion ceases when food reaches the stomach?
salivary enzymes cannot function in the acid environment of the stomach.
which of the following organs is responsible for the manufacturing and secretion of many digestive enzymes and bicarbonate?
bicarbonate is release into the duodenum during the process of digestion. Why?
to neutralize the acidic chyme