Language of Medicine (Chabner), Chapter 2

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Inferior

The intestines are __________ to the heart.

Superior

The esophagus lies __________ to the stomach.

Posterior

The spinal cord is __________ to the stomach.

Anterior

The naval is located on the __________ surface of the body

Distal

The ankle is __________ to the knee.

Distal

The stomach is __________ to the esophagus.

Inferior

The stomach is __________ to the lungs.

Lateral

The kidney lies __________ to the spinal cord

Distal

The __________ end of the thigh bone joins with the knee cap (patella)

Frontal

The __________ plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into an anterior and posterior portion.

Inferior (caudal)

The diaphragm lies _____________ to the organs in the thoracic cavity.

Sagittal

The _____________ plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left portions.

Proximal

The _____________ end of the upper armbone is at the shoulder

Transverse

The _____________ plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions, like a cross section.

Superior

The pharynx is located ______________ to the esophagus.

System

Groups of organs working together to perform complex function:

Organs

Structures composed of several kinds of tissues is called:

Tissue

A group of similar cells working together to do a specific job:

Cell

Individual unit of all living things (animal or plant):

Epithelial Tissue

Tissue that forms the lining of internal organs and forms outer surface of the skin:

Connective Tissue

Fat, Bone, and Blood are examples of this tissue:

Abdominal

The cavity below the chest containing the stomach, liver, and gallbladder

Pelvic

The cavity surrounded by the hip bone

Cranial

The cavity surrounded by the skull:

Thoracic

The cavity in the chest surrounded by the ribs:

Spinal

The cavity surrounded by the bones of the back:

Sacral

Region of the sacrum:

Thoracic

Region of the chest:

Lumbar

Region of the waist:

Coccygeal

Region of the tailbone:

Cervical

Region of the neck:

Excision

Process of cutting out:

superficial

Dr. Selby said the ______________ wound barely scratched the surface.

RUQ; LUQ

The liver and spleen are on opposite sides of the body. The liver is in the __________ of the abdominopelvic cavity and the spleen is in the _____________.

dorsal

When a gynecologist examines a patient's pelvis, the patient lies on her back in the ____________ lithotomy position.

periumbilical

Sally's pain was around her navel. The doctor described it as ____________.

karyotype

After sampling the fluid surrounding her 16-week-old fetus, the doctor told Mrs. Jones she was carrying a baby with trisomy-21. The diagnosis was made by analysis of an abnormal ___________________.

Abdominal

The ____________ cavity contains digestive organs.

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