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cran

helmet

stasis

stand still

peri

around

cardi

heart

pelv

basin

homeo

same

logy

study of

tomy

cutting

pariet

wall

meta

change

append

to hang something

anatomy

the branch of science that deals with the structure of body parts, their forms and how they are organized

physiology

functions of the body parts (what they do and how they do it)

metabolism

involves the acquisition of food, using its energy and then excreting the wastes produced from the use

homeostasis

the act of staying the same internal not matter what happens external of the body

cell

basic unit of structure and function in living organisms; contains organelles which carry out activities

human organisms

w well organized unit of body parts

tissue

group of cells

organ

group of tissues

organ system

groups of organs

description of anatomical position

When the body is facing forward with are to the side and palms facing out

inferior

toward the feet or lower than

superior

toward the feet

proximal

close to the point of attachment

anterior

toward the front

posterior

toward the back of the body

job of skeletal system

support and protect the body

job of circulatory system

transports food, oxygen,hormones to the cell

superficial

toward the surface of the body

deep

within the body (internal tissues)

plane

imaginary flat surface passing through the body

description of coronal plane

divides the body into anterior and posterior sides

description of sagittal plane

divides the body into superior and inferior parts

"fight of flight" and example

either ready to fight the stressor or flee the situation
Example: snarling dog- run away

response to stress

heart rate increases, pupils widen, sweating, muscles tense, breathing heavily, hearing more accurate, digestive system slows down

adrenaline

quick burst of energy

requirements for life

water, food, oxygen, heat and pressure

early man relied on this for cures

superstition and magic

language for Anatomy and Physiology

Greek and Latin

Example of Homeostasis

cold-shivering, turning blue to keep heat in the organs

Job of integumentary system

protects body from injury and infection and regulated body temp. and homeostasis

job of lymphatic system

fights off foreign invaders

job of respiratory system

breakdown food and carries oxygen to cells and removes carbon dioxide

job of digestive system

breaks down food into a form the body can use

job of muscular system

to support the body and gives the body the ability to move

job of nervous system

senses and sends nerve impulses throughout the body

description of transverse plane

divides the body into superior and inferior parts

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