The Indian empire that dominated modern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest was the?
At the time of the Spanish conquest, the economies of most of the Native Americans in South and Central America and Mexico were based on?
the eastern third of what is now the United States was inhabited by the?
Indian religions were?
Tied closely to the natural world
Indian societies in North America tended to?
Divide tasks according ot gender
Europe during the Middle Ages were?
Too divided and decentralized to inspire great ventures
Paralleling the rise of commerce in Europe, and in part responsible for it, was?
the rise of united and powerful nation-states
The first nation to fund exploriation beyond Europe was?
Partly because of Columbus's voyages, Spain?
Replaced Portugal as the foremost seafaring nation
Through a combo of daring, brutality, and greed the conquistadors?
made possible the creation of a Spanish empire in America
The indians' conversion to Catholicism?
most natives continued to practice their own religious rituals
The Pueblo Revolt of 1680?
allowed the Pueblos to regain temporary political control of their communities
The first result of the meeting of native and European cultures was the?
Importation of European diseases
This was more important to Europe than gold and silver found in the new world.
Importation of new crops that would feed larger numbers of people
In matrilineal Indian and African societies
woman play a major, often dominant, role
The Afriacan slave trade began in?
the 8th century AD
In the 16th century the market for slaves grew because?
The rising European demand for sugar cane
What were the reasons for English colonization?
Escape religious strife, Escape the economic transformation, find new markets for English products, to defeat the Spanish Armada
The members of the Church of England who proclaimed that the church ahd not given up Rome's offensive beliefs are?
As a result of their experiences in Ireland, the English believed that?
they must retain a rigid seperation from the native population.
The country that produced the most successful fur traders and trappers was
the first permanent English settlement was?
The man to whom Queen Elizabeth granted the land on which the "lost colony" was planted was?
In 1606, James I gave the exclusive right to colonize along the southeast coast to a group of London merchants. T/F
The large Indian trading center in the Mississippi River Valley near present-day St. Louis was Cahokia. T/F
The Iroquois Confederation consisted of tribes in the southernmost region of the eastern seaboard. T/F
Cortés might not have been able to defeat the Aztecs had it not been for an epidemic of smallpox that decimated the native population. T/F
The oldest permanent European settlement in the present-day United States is St. Augustine. T/F
New Mexico became one of the most important provinces in Spanish America. T/F
The riches of America ultimately hurt Spain because they caused that country to ignore attempts to promote agricultural and domestic growth in the colonies. T/F
The most important Native American crop brought back by the Europeans was squash. T/F
Europeans felt justified in their treatment of the Indians because they considered the Indians uncivilized savages. T/F
Spaniards seldom intermarried with the Native Americans. T/F
Today it is generally believed that there were fewer Native Americans when the Europeans arrived than there were a century later. T/F
Mercantilism was a theory that discouraged nations from having colonies. T/F
Joint-stock companies were the means by which investors could share the risks and the profits of colonizing ventures. T/F
The doctrine that God "elected" some people to be saved and condemned others to damnation was preached by Martin Luther. T/F
The English Reformation began with a political dispute between king and pope not with a religious dispute over matters of theology. T/F
England's first experience with colonization was in Virginia. T/F
The first Europeans to settle in the Hudson River Valley were the Dutch. T/F