AMERICAN HISTORY BRINKLEY CHAPTER 1

40 terms by thecrackedbat

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The Indian empire that dominated modern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest was the?

Aztec

At the time of the Spanish conquest, the economies of most of the Native Americans in South and Central America and Mexico were based on?

Agriculture

the eastern third of what is now the United States was inhabited by the?

Woodland Indians

Indian religions were?

Tied closely to the natural world

Indian societies in North America tended to?

Divide tasks according ot gender

Europe during the Middle Ages were?

Too divided and decentralized to inspire great ventures

Paralleling the rise of commerce in Europe, and in part responsible for it, was?

the rise of united and powerful nation-states

The first nation to fund exploriation beyond Europe was?

Portugal

Partly because of Columbus's voyages, Spain?

Replaced Portugal as the foremost seafaring nation

Through a combo of daring, brutality, and greed the conquistadors?

made possible the creation of a Spanish empire in America

The indians' conversion to Catholicism?

most natives continued to practice their own religious rituals

The Pueblo Revolt of 1680?

allowed the Pueblos to regain temporary political control of their communities

The first result of the meeting of native and European cultures was the?

Importation of European diseases

This was more important to Europe than gold and silver found in the new world.

Importation of new crops that would feed larger numbers of people

In matrilineal Indian and African societies

woman play a major, often dominant, role

The Afriacan slave trade began in?

the 8th century AD

In the 16th century the market for slaves grew because?

The rising European demand for sugar cane

What were the reasons for English colonization?

Escape religious strife, Escape the economic transformation, find new markets for English products, to defeat the Spanish Armada

The members of the Church of England who proclaimed that the church ahd not given up Rome's offensive beliefs are?

Puritans

As a result of their experiences in Ireland, the English believed that?

they must retain a rigid seperation from the native population.

The country that produced the most successful fur traders and trappers was

The French

the first permanent English settlement was?

Jamestown, Virginia

The man to whom Queen Elizabeth granted the land on which the "lost colony" was planted was?

Walter Raliegh

In 1606, James I gave the exclusive right to colonize along the southeast coast to a group of London merchants. T/F

True

The large Indian trading center in the Mississippi River Valley near present-day St. Louis was Cahokia. T/F

True

The Iroquois Confederation consisted of tribes in the southernmost region of the eastern seaboard. T/F

False

Cortés might not have been able to defeat the Aztecs had it not been for an epidemic of smallpox that decimated the native population. T/F

True

The oldest permanent European settlement in the present-day United States is St. Augustine. T/F

True

New Mexico became one of the most important provinces in Spanish America. T/F

False

The riches of America ultimately hurt Spain because they caused that country to ignore attempts to promote agricultural and domestic growth in the colonies. T/F

True

The most important Native American crop brought back by the Europeans was squash. T/F

False

Europeans felt justified in their treatment of the Indians because they considered the Indians uncivilized savages. T/F

True

Spaniards seldom intermarried with the Native Americans. T/F

False

Today it is generally believed that there were fewer Native Americans when the Europeans arrived than there were a century later. T/F

False

Mercantilism was a theory that discouraged nations from having colonies. T/F

False

Joint-stock companies were the means by which investors could share the risks and the profits of colonizing ventures. T/F

True

The doctrine that God "elected" some people to be saved and condemned others to damnation was preached by Martin Luther. T/F

False

The English Reformation began with a political dispute between king and pope not with a religious dispute over matters of theology. T/F

True

England's first experience with colonization was in Virginia. T/F

False

The first Europeans to settle in the Hudson River Valley were the Dutch. T/F

False

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