Biology Scientific Method & Inquiry

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9th grade Biology Honors Mr. Seally

compare

examine and note the similarities or differences of

contrast

put in opposition to show or emphasize differences

distinguish

mark as different

differentiate

become distinct and acquire a different character

analyze

consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning

organize

to put in order

assumption

a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn

control

the activity of managing or exerting control over something

independent variable

(statistics) a variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables

dependent variable

the outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable

conclusion

a summary of the results of the experiment and a statement of how the results relate to the hypothesis

data

a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn

reliable

able to be depended on; trustworthy

evidence

collected body of data from observations and experiments

experiment

a research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process

hypothesis

possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question

inference

logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience

observation

use of one or more of the senses to gather information

controlled experiment

experiment that tests the effect of a single variable

validity

the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to

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