Unit 1 Study Guide

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name two purposes for geographers to use maps.

-storing reference material
-communicating geographic info

who made the earliest map?

Babylonians made the earliest map.

Who was Aristote? what did he do that was important to geographers?

the first to demonstrate that the earth was round. that helped geographers by letting them do more research and knowing earth isn't flat. Also knowing all matter falls and shadow on moon is spherical.

who wrote the guide to geography?

the greek ptolemy. they categorized map making&made several different maps.

Who was Eratosthenes? what did he do that was important to geographers?

first person to used the word geograpy. he also calculated the circumfrence of the earth, he divided the earth into 5 dimadens.

Phei Hsiv

produced an elaborate map of China in A.D. 267

Al-Ldrissi

prepared a world map, and geography text in 1154

Ibn-Battutan

wrote "Rihala" (travels) based on 3 decades of journeys in the muslim way

when did maps finally outline most of the continents&oceans?

17th century (1600s)

Scale

relationsip of a features size on a map compared to its actual size on earth.
**smaller area, larger the scale

3 types of scale

fraction- 1/24,000
Ratio- 1:24000
Written-____ this equals _____that

4 types of distortion

-shape of an area may be distorted
-distance between 2 places may become shorter/longer
-reflective size of different of areas may be altered
-the direction from one place to another can be distorted

The U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785

divided much of of the country into a system of town-ships and ranges to facilitate the scare of land settlers in the west.

GIS?

can capture store query and analize geographic data

Remote Sensing-

can scan earths surface

GPS?

global positioning system. determines accurately the position of something on the earth

4 ways geographers identify the location of something?

place name, site, situation, mathematical situation

toponym?

earth

whats the difference between site and situation?

Site is the physical and cultural characteristics of a place, situation is relative to other places

significance of longitude.

for every 15 degrees longitude you get a new time zpne, as you move west time goes back as you move east time goes forward.

Cultural Landscape

study of how a cultural/ religion impact the landscape around it. helps us to compare and contrast different cultures

Formal Region

tied to a cultural or physical characterism (ex.montana)

Functional Region (nodal region)

an area organized around a node or focal point.

Perceptual Region

not exact, based on an opinion of the person and can be changed based on the person.

Spatial Association

to draw conclusions and see connections of places

Culture

-what people care about
-what people take car of
*more developed countries care about what they take care of. less developed countries are more what they care about.

Environmental Determination

the concept that the environment determines a person's characteristics

Possibilism

The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.

cultural ecology

The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment.

Zuider Zee

This is a section of the North Sea that once threatened the Netherlands with flooding. A dike completed in 1932 caused the Zuider Zee to be converted from a saltwater sea to a freshwater lake. Some of hte lake has been drained to create several polders, encompassing an area 1,600 square kilometers.

Globalization

interconnectedness of the world

transnational corporation

doing buisness world wide
ex. starbucks, mcdonalds

2 types of concentration

clustered or dispersed

pattern

geometric arrangement of objects in space

diffusion

the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time, faster in world today.

Relocation Diffusion

spread of an idea through physical movement of people from the place to another. takes ideas and cultures with them.
ex. Buddhism- went from india to china.

uneven development

increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and perionery that results from the globalization of the economy

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