the implied or associative meaning of a word
A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
a group of words with a subject and a verb
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
a short saying stating a general truth
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
repetition of initial consonant sounds
the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.
Characterized by informal language
the repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause
the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences
short story of an amusing or interesting event
The emotional tone or background that surrounds a scene
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
intended to teach or instruct
repetition of a word or expression at the end of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect (as Lincoln's "of the people, by the people, for the people") Compare to anaphora. Ex: "When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child." (Corinthians) Ex: I'll have my bond!/ Speak not against my bond!/ I have sworn an oath that I will have my bond.---The Merchant of Venice
substitution of an inoffensive term for one that is offensive
writing or speech that explains a process or presents information
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
figure of speech
A device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things. Examples are apostrophe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, metonomy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.
The dictionary definition of a word
the traditions for each genre. These conventions help to define each genre; for example they differentiate between and essay and journalistic writing.
type or category of literary work (e.g., poetry, essay, short story, novel, drama)
This term literally means "sermon," but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
an extreme exaggeration
language that appeals to the senses
a conclusion one draws (infers) based on premises or evidence
an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
a situation or statement in which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected.
makes complete sense if brought to a close before the actual ending
a direct comparison of two unlike things
substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it ("The pen [writing] is mightier than the sword [war/fighting].")
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
Tells a story
the use of words that imitate sounds
a figure of speech composed of contradictory words or phrases, such as "wise fool," bitter-sweet," "pretty ugly," "jumbo shrimp," "cold fire"
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
the rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity. The type which the same words are used is called anaphora.