Genitourinary Surgery Procedures

20 terms by KCoe2008 

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Cushing's Syndrome

A rare condition in which there is an overproduction of cortisol by the cortex of the adreanal gland.

Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison's Disease)

Adreanal glands fail to produce the hormones necessary to maintain fluid balance and blood pressure or they inhibit the response to stress.

Pheochromocytoma

A tumor affecting the medulla of the adrenal gland causing an overproduction of adrenaline.

Calculi

"Stones" are small solid particles that may form in one or both kidneys.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Occurs when the parenchyma of the kidney if replaced by multiple fluid-filled benign cysts.

End-stage Renal Disease

Kidney failure

Hemodialysis

dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream

Peritoneal Dialysis

Removal of toxic substances from the body by perfusing the peritoneal cavity with a warm, sterile chemical solution.

Renal cell Carcinoma

Most common type of Kidney cancer

Phimosis

Condition affecting the foreskin that prevents it from retracting over the glans penis.

Urinalysis

The single most important laboratory examination used in diagnosing problems affecting the urinary tract.

Testicular Cancer

Aggresive type of malignancy usually strikes young men between the ages of 20 and 40

Prostate Cancer

malignancy of the prostate gland
is common in males after the age of 50

Testicular Torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis

Cryptorchidism

failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops

PSA prostate specific antigen

Useful in determining cancer of the prostate.

K U B

Kidneys Ureters and Bladder

Gibson Incision

Incision specifically designed for access to the lower portion of the ureter.

Transcostal incision

Incision used to expose the entire kidney

Flank Incision

Incision the provides direct access to adrenal gland, kidney, and proximal ureter-usually involves cutting muscle

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