Scientific Inquiry

Created by gretchenfeiss 

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42 terms

subjective

based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions

objective

not influenced by personal feelings or opinions, in considering and representing facts

observation

the act of gathering information using the five senses

inference

drawing a conclusion using logic and evidence

evidence

something that suggests a certain conclusion

simulation

the imitation or model of a real situation

data

information that can be organized to use as evidence

cite

to quote as an example or authority

inquiry

the act of asking for information or seeking knowledge

investigative question

the question being researched in a specific investigation

metric

a system of measurement, based on units of 10, used by scientists

publication

the act of sharing information about research with other professionals in a book or journal

peer review

evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field

research

the act of studying an investigative question to understand it more deeply

structure

An item with a specific form/shape, that, together with other parts, forms a larger item

theory

An idea that is supported by a great deal of evidence

stimulus

an event that provokes a reaction

response

a reaction to change(s) in the environment

maintain

to keep conditions as they are

function

the action that something is meant to accomplish

diversity

a variety of something

hypothesis

an idea based on some evidence that requires further research

classification

the placement of something into a category based on its characteristics

model

a simplified representation used to better understand a complex phenomenon

cyclical

a phenomenon that follows a repeating pattern

law

A universal scientific principle that is accepted as fact and supported by all evidence and observations

independent variable

the changeable part of an experiment that the researcher controls and adjusts directly

dependent variable

The changeable part of an experiment that the researcher measures and/or observes changes in, caused by the independent variable

control group

The subjects of an experiment used for comparison, for whom the independent variable is "normal" or absent

experimental group

The subjects of an experiment studied to determine the effects of the independent variable

subject

The object of study or observation in an experiment

classical experiment

A type of scientific research comparing the outcomes between a control group and an experimental group that are given a specific treatment in a controlled environment

analysis

The process of breaking information into simpler parts for more in-depth study

quantitative

capable of being measured or expressed using numbers and quantities

qualitative

referring to qualities that can be observed using senses

equilibrium

a situation in which opposing forces are in balance, and stability is reached

hierarchy

the categorization of things according to their importance

specialize

to become adapted to a particular function

scaffold

an empty structure used to build something

acquired

gained something new and different, usually through one's own efforts

evolve

to change over time

variation

how much something differs

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