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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. glycogen
  2. triacylglycerol
  3. nucleotide
  4. cellulose
  5. condensation reaction
  1. a Three fatty acids linked to one glycerol molecule
  2. b A structural polysaccharide of cell walls, consisting of glucose monomers joined by b-1, 4-glycosidic linkages
  3. c The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous bas and a phosphate group
  4. d A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to each other through the loss of a small molecule, usually water; also called dehydration reaction
  5. e An extensively branched glucose storage polysaccharide found in the liver and muscle of animals; the animal equivalent of starch

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
  2. The sugar component of RNA
  3. A three-dimensional biological polymer constructed from a set of 20 different monomers called amino acids
  4. A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell's proteins
  5. A chemical process that lyses, or splits, molecules by the addition of water; an essential process in digestion

5 True/False questions

  1. peptide bondA three-dimensional biological polymer constructed from a set of 20 different monomers called amino acids

          

  2. dehydration reactionA reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to each other through the loss of a small molecule, usually water; also called dehydration reaction

          

  3. pyrimidineone of two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides, characterized by a six-membered ring. Cytosine (C), thymine (T), and uracil (U)

          

  4. alpha helixA spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary structure of proteins, arising from a specific hydrogen-bonding structure

          

  5. nucleic acidA polymer (polynucleotide) consisting of many nucleotide monomers; serves as a blueprint for proteins and, through the actions of proteins, for all cellular activities. The two types are DNA and RNA

          

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