← Diabetes Mellitus Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All diabetes mellitus A systemic metabolic disorder that involves improper metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins beta cells Insulin is secreted by the _______________ of the pancrease? 70 - 120mg The normal blood sugar level is? genetics, viruses, aging, diet, lifestyle, ethnicity What are the contributing factors related to diabetes? coxsackievirus B, rubella, mumps What viruses contribute to the development of diabetes? Type 1 formerly known as insulin dependent diabetes Type 2 formerly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia The 3 p's sudden onset, weight loss, hyperglycemia, under 30 years of age What are te clinical manifestations of Type 1 diabetes? slow onset, over 35 years of age, obesity What are the clinical manifestations of Type 2 diabetes? Type 2 What form of diabetes may go undetected for years? fasting blood glucose Diagnostic test done after an 8 hour fast, blood is drawn? 60 - 110 mg What is a normal range for fasting blood glucose? absent Results for a serum insulin test for Type 1 DM normal to high Results for a serum insulin test for Type 2 DM postprandial blood glucose Diagnostic test done by giving a patient a measured amount of carbs. and draw a blood sample 2 hours later. patient self-monitoring blood glucose a blood sample is obtained by the fingerstick method, by patient or neurse, and testes with a glucose-monitoring device glycosylated hemoglobin A diagnostic test that measures the amount of glucose that has been incorporated into the hemoglobin within an erythrocyte. type 2 DM that may be controlled by diet alone type 1 DM where the diet is calculated and then the amount of insuling required to metabolize it is established quantitative What type of diet is based on total carbohydrates? qualitative What type of diet is based on the reduction of simple carbs, saturated fats and alcohol; lowering the glycemic index? reduces insulin resistance and increases glucose uptake for 72 hours What is the benefit of exercise? action and type Insulin meds. are classified by _______ and _________? rapid, short, intermediate, long Insulin formulas are classified as ___________, __________, __________, and __________. oral What form of insulin can be given for type 2 DM? injections What form of insulin will always be given for type 1 DM? nervousness, tremors, irritability, dizziness, changes in conciousness What are signs/symptoms of hypoglycemia? coma, infection Acute complications of DM?