CHAPTER 5

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When the fighting began, most Americans wanted the colonies to be independent from Great Britain.

False

The rebelling colonies had access to sufficient local resources to fight a successful revolution.

False

The British lacked the resources to conduct a war on the American continent.

False

At the outset of the war, American leaders hoped that Canada would become the fourteenth state.

True

The surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga had no effect on the Iroquois Confederacy, since most of the Indians supported the American cause.

False

There is no actual proof that Benedict Arnold committed treason.

False

As a result of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the new American nation's westward boundary was the Blue Ridge Mountains.

False

At least one-fifth, and maybe as many as one-third, of the American colonists were loyal to Britain during the Revolution.

True

Native Americans were pleased with the outcome of the Revolution because it reduced the desire of colonists for western land.

False

The first state constitutions written during the American Revolution generally reduced the power of the executive.

True

In the newly created states, the privileges that churches enjoyed in the colonial era were largely stripped away.

True

After independence, the United States quickly and easily persuaded Great Britain to abide by the terms of the treaty of 1783.

False

The system for surveying and selling western lands set up under the Ordinance of 1785 favored small farmers.

False

The Northwest Ordinance laid out the requirements for western territories to become states.

True

During the period under consideration in this chapter, Congress did nothing to limit the expansion of slavery.

False

After Lexington and Concord,

it took almost a year for independence to become a primary war aim.

Thomas Paine's Common Sense is an important work because it

persuaded Americans that no reconciliation with Britain was possible.

Historians have long debated whether the colonial motivations for the American Revolution were

economic or ideological.

The Declaration of Independence stated that governments were formed to

protect a person's life, freedom, and right to pursue happiness.

After the initial surge of patriotism, American troops

came from both conscription and payment of bounties.

Most of America's war materials came from

foreign aid.

Britain enjoyed all of the following advantages in the Revolution EXCEPT

greater commitment to the conflict.

Congress financed the revolution by

borrowing from other nations.

The choice of George Washington as commander in chief was a good one because of his

image among the people, who trusted and respected him.

After a year of war, the British realized

the war had become more than just a local phenomenon around Boston.

By the end of 1776, the American army under Washington had

won two minor victories and remained intact.

John Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga

convinced the French that they should help the Americans.

After 1777, the British decided to focus their efforts in the South because

they believed there were more Loyalists there.

The treason of Benedict Arnold

shocked American forces.

The British were forced to surrender at Yorktown because

French troops and a French fleet helped trap the British.

Even though the British wanted to end the war, the French were reluctant to negotiate because

they were committed to staying in the war until Spain got Gibraltar.

Of all the Loyalists groups in America, the one that suffered most as a result of the Revolution was

Anglicans.

Native Americans generally stayed

neutral in the war.

During the Revolution, women took on new responsibilities. After the war,

things generally went back to the way they were before and few concrete reforms occurred in the status of women.

In spite of rhetoric proclaiming "all men are created equal," slavery survived in America for nearly a century after the Revolution because whites

harbored racist assumptions about the natural inferiority of blacks.

If postwar Americans agreed on nothing else, they agreed that

new governments should be republican.

Under the Articles of Confederation, the only institution of national authority was the

Congress.

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