a form of government in which power is held by one central authority (national gov't) ex: Britain
an association of sovereign states or communities, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution (US under Articles of Confederation)
Combination of unitary and confederation. A division of power between the states and the national government (US today)
Conflicts over the character, membership, and policies of any organization to which people belong. "Who gets what, when, and how much?"
The right to use power.
is the belief that the state is created by the will of its people, who are the source of all political power.
A form of government in which a small group—landowners, military officers, counsel of Jews, or wealthy merchants—controls most of the governing decisions.
Military dictatorship in Latin America, sometimes as a group of dictators
Each voter votes directly on every decision the government makes.
Voters elect leaders who they trust will make representative decisions for the voters.
Identifiable group that possess a disproportionate amount of power in government.
The actual individuals that run the government institutions on a daily basis. They usually have excellent job security and ultimately have the most influence on the people.
Almost every interest group is elite in some sector and so almost every group has some chance to influence decisions. Each group of elites is responsible to their people.
French academician who recognized that Americans claim to be driven by self-interest only but observed that many people make decisions for common good, not just personal gain.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Claimed to be truly be the first written constitution in the Western tradition which created a government, written in Hartford by a Puritan colony in 1638, more than a century before the Articles of Confederation. (Note: this was found at a source other than the book. If you find it in the book, remove this note and make necessary changes.) Government is based in the rights of an individual, and the orders spell out some of those rights, as well as how they are ensured by the government. It provides that all free men share in electing their magistrates, and uses secret, paper ballots. It states the powers of the government, and some limits within which that power is exercised.
Pennsylvania Charter of Privilege
adopted in 1776 it created the most radically democratic of new state governments. All power was given to a unicameral legislature, the Assembly. The members were elected annually for one-year terms and no legislator could serve for more than four years. Thomas Paine said it was the best government in America, and it was hailed by the French as the embodiment of rule by the people. This was from where we got our Bill of Rights.
He said that the real Revolution was the change in the principles, opinions, sentiments, and affections of the people after the Revolutionary War.
an early attempt at forming a union of colonies. Eventually after the Revolutionary War, this plan was used to help write the Articles of Confederation. It established an elected intercolonial legislature with the power to tax.
Seven Years' War
French and Indian War, fought between Great Britain and France, often considered to be the first world war because it involved most of the globe.
Coercive (Intolerable) Acts
Sugar (1768), Stamp, Tea, Intolerable Acts
First and Second Continental Congresses
'''First'''- Set up a boycott on British goods and set up for second continental congress. '''Second'''- adopted the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. Acted as the de facto U.S. national government during the Revolutionary War by raising armies, directing strategy, appointing diplomats, and making formal treaties
led a rebellion consisting of a large number of farmers forming a militia and marching on the courts. Taxes were overwhelming and the courts siezed the farms as payment. The direct result of the rebellion was the courts closing for a few days. Eventually the state called in a militia and the rebels fled.
A framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randolph, which called for representation in the national legislature based upon the population of each state.
New Jersey Plan
A framework for the Constitution, introduced by William Paterson, which called for equal representation in the national legislature regardless of a state's population.
Great (Connecticut) Compromise
Agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that established a bicameral congress. It gave each state an equal number of senators regardless of its population, but linked representation in the House of Representatives to population.
Agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that stipulated that for the purposes of the appointment of congressional seats, every slave would be counted as three-fifths of a person.
Six principles of the Constitution
Popular sovereignty, republican, limited government, separation of powers, judicial review, federal system
A historian who believed that the ideology presented in the Constitution was a result of the economic needs of the land-owning Founding Fathers (rather than philosophical principles). His ideas fell out of favor in the 1950's, when other historians pointed out problems with his research.
The ability of a leader such as the president or state governor to take a bill and reject some parts of it while accepting other parts of it.
Clinton v. NY
A court case in which the Supreme Court ruled that the line-item veto was unconstitutional, and a president could only sign a bill into law, or reject the legislation as a whole.