World History Unit 2 Greece & Rome

21 terms by makennamatthijs 

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Aristotle

Greek philosopher who developed the field of logic

Eratosthenes

a Greek astronomer who calculated the circumference of the globe

PHLANX

A RECTANGULAR FORMATION OF SOLDIERS

Pericles

Athenian statesman who encouraged the spread of democracy

Solon

Athenian statesman who introduced the first civil democracy

Julius Caesar

a Roman general and one of the greatest military leaders in history. Became a dictator in ancient Rome

Plato

a Greek philosopher and student of Socrates who wrote The Republic

Cleisthenes

ancient Greek ruler who is called the father of democracy; a reformer

republic

a type of government in which elected officials govern the state

aqueducts

manmade channels used to carry water to Roman cities

Ptolemy

one of Alexander's generals who ruled in Egypt

Polis

a city state

Pax Romana

a period of peace in the Roman Empire lasting for over 200 years

circuses

a site for chariot races in ancient Rome

democracy

a form of government run by the people

veto

to ban

Hellenistic

the blending of Greek culture with Perisan, Egyptian, and Asian cultures

Thucydides

a historian who wrote about the Peloponnesian War

inflation

increased price in the cost of goods with a decrease in the value of money

forum

the assembly place in an ancient Roman city

Patricians

a class powerful landowners in ancient Rome

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