Earth Science questions: Unit 1

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A meteorologist

When interviewed, Mr. Harrison was discussing barometric pressure and the low-pressure system moving in that may or may not cause a change in precipitation and wind gusts. What type of scientist is Mr. Harrison?

Astronomy

A scientist announces that the best possible chance for finding life on other bodies within our solar system would be on Jupiter's moon Europa. The scientist responsible for this statement works in the fields of what?

bodies of water, such as oceans and lakes

The hydrosphere is comprised of what?

True

TRUE/FALSE
Meteorologists study the atmosphere and weather patterns.

solar system

Astronomy is the discipline in science that studies what?

An oceanographer

There is a species of starfish called the crown of thorns. This species is responsible for killing coral reefs around the world. If you want to find out how these species have become so abundant around the world, who would you call?

A meteorologist

Sirens begin to blast through the night. The people of the town know a tornado is coming. What type of scientist would know how to predict that the tornado was coming?

Differentiation

Explains the arrangement of the inner planet's composition into different chemical layers.

Third

The earth is the ... planet from the sun, which is just the right distance for life to utilize the sun's power and energy.

Binary

The earth-moon relationship is unique in many ways. It is the largest moon in the solar system relative to its host planet. The relative size between the earth and moon are so close some refer to it as a ... planet system.

True

If the earth's relationship to the sun were any different, life on earth might not be possible.

Five Spheres

The earth is the only planet with all...

Oxygen

Other planets have an atmosphere, but Earth's is unique because it has large amounts of...

Biosphere, hydrosphere

Earth is the only planet that has a... and a...

Soil

Other planets have a lithosphere, but earth's is unique because it has a special type of debris called...

Hydrosphere

Contains all forms of water

Biosphere

Contains all living things.

Atmosphere

Contains gaseous layer of planet

Cryosphere

Contains frozen ice portion

Lithosphere

Contains solid, rocky crustal portion.

Plate Tectonics

Volcanic activity results from a unique dynamic process of earth called...

Hydrolic, rock, tectonic

The three main geochemical cycles of earth are...,... and... These geochemical cycles continuously remove and add material on earth.

Interconnected

The natural functions of earth seem all... in one way or another.

Inner Core

The hottest layer of the earth is the ...

Inner core

Innermost region of the earth; composed of solid iron.

Outer core

Layer immediately outside the inner core; composed of liquid iron and sulfur.

Lower mantle

Innermost layer of the two mantle layers; composed of rock and cooler than the core.

Upper mantle

Outermost layer of the two mantle layers; includes the asthenosphere and lower lithosphere.

Crust

The outermost layer that forms the surface of the earth.

Lithosphere

Carl is on an expedition to the bottom of the ocean. As the submersible sets down on the ocean floor, it is resting on what layer of the earth?

Plasticity

The ability of solid rock to flow is called...

Asthenosphere

The layer of the earth that is composed of rock, yet flows due to extreme heat and pressure, is known as the...

Under the Pacific ocean

An area where the earth's crust would be expected to be thin would be...

Lithosphere

The layer of the earth that is composed of large plates that interlock and move over time is the...

Convergent boundary

The type of tectonic plate boundary that occurs when two plates are colliding into each other is known as a...

Grind along each other

A transform boundary occurs where two tectonic plates...

Subduction zone

When two oceanic plates collide, it creates a...

Divergent boundary

The mid-atlantic ridge is an example of a...

A subduction zone

The area where one plate sinks into the asthenosphere underneath another plate is known as...

Continental/Continental

Which of the following convergent boundaries would most likely creat a non-volcanic mountain range?

A transform boundary

The type of plate boundary that causes tremors and earthquakes in California is...

Pangaea

Alfred Wegener named his proposed supercontinent...

Plant

Glossopteris is an ancient extict species of... found in South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antarctica.

Warmer

The discovery of tropical plant and animal fossils in Antarctica supports the idea that at one time this continent supported a... climate.

The fitting together of neighboring continents like jigsaw puzzle pieces

The first evidence supporting the theory of continental drift was...

Alfred Wegener

The scientist who proposed the idea of continental drift was...

Africa and South America

The best example of how neighboring continents seem to fit together like Jigsaw pieces is...

All lands

Wegener named the supercontinent Pangaea, which means...

Great Britain and Scandinavia

The Appalachian Mountains in the Eastern United States appear to be a part of the same mountain range that continues in...

Sea floor spreading

The process by which lithospheric plates move apart creating spaces that are filled with hot magma is called...

Alfred Wegener

The person who suggested that the continents were once a supercontinent, called Pangaea, but slowly drifted apart was...

Earth's natural process by which its lithospheric plates slowly move about because of movement in the asthenosphere

The plate tectonic theory can best be describe as....

Lithosphere

The layer of the earth that forms the earth's plates is the...

Asthenosphere

The layer of the earth where mantle convection occurs and on which the earth's crust rest is the...

Convection

The process of heat transfer thought to be responsible for the movement of the lithospheric plates on the surface of the earth is...

Core

Mantle convection is a circulation of the heat emitted by the earth's...

Atmosphere

A layer of mixed gases surrounding Earth.

Lithosphere

The solid, crustal layer of Earth.

Hydrosphere

All water (gas, solid, liquid) of Earth.

Biosphere

The sphere of Earth that includes all living things.

They all depend on each other to function; an impact to one sphere usually affects another.

All spheres of Earth are interrelated of interdependent. This means:

Biosphere and lithosphere interaction.

When an animal dies and decomposes, its nutrients are absorbed into the soil. Plants use these nutrients to live and grow. This is an example of:

Hydrospher and atmosphere interaction

You live on the beach, which always seems to be humid, especially on hot, sunny days. But, that's because when the ocean heats up, some of its water evaporates into water vapor, making the air thick and slightly "wet". This interaction is an example of:

Hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere interaction

Colossal Cabe was formed years ago by underground running water. Today, it is the home to many animals, like bats. These interactions are an example of:

Biosphere

Which sphere is dependent on all the other spheres in order to exist?

Step 1

Rock Cycle
Rock is broken down into Regolith by weathering.

Step 2

Rock Cycle
Regolith is transported or eroded by rain or wind.

Step 3

Rock Cycle
Regolith is dumped into some type of reservoir, usually water, by deposition.

Step 4

Rock Cycle
Layers deposited begin to compact and cement together to form sedimentary rock.

Step 5

Rock Cycle
Sedimentary rock is buried deeper into the Earth's crust. The intense heat and pressure begins metamorphism and the rock turns into metamorphic rock.

Step 6

Rock Cycle
Metamorphic rock begins to melt back into magma.

Step 7

Rock Cycle
Magma is resurfaced from volcanic activity, cools, and becomes ingeous rock.

Transpiration

Plants are able to release water back into the atmosphere by a process called:

Evaporation of water is equal to precipitation of water

The hydrologic cycle maintains a balance of earth's water because:

Erosion, uplifting

The hydrologic, rock, and tectonic cycles are all interconnected. In the rock cycle, water moves regolith during..., and the tectonic cycle resurfaces rock through...

Sun and interior of earth (core)

The hydrologic, rock, and tectonic cycles are powered by two main energy sources. They are the:

Seafloor spreading

The tectonic cycle describes the movement of earth's crust. Recycled "new" oceanic crust is formed by... at divergent boundaries.

Subduction

... occurs at convergent boundaries, where one layer of crust sinks into the asthenosphere when it collides with another layer of crust.

Step 1

Hydrologic (water) cycle
Evaporation would change the drop of water vapor, a gas, which would rise into the atmosphere.

Step 2

Hydrologic (water) cycle
The atmosphere is cooler, so the drop of water would change from a gas back into a liquid through condensation.

Step 3

Hydrologic (water) cycle
As more water vapor condenses into liquid, the drop of water will eventually drop to earth's surface as precipitation.

Step 4

Hydrologic (water) Cycle
The drop of water falls to the ground as rain and is absorbed as groundwater.

Step 5

Hydrologic (water) Cycle
The goundwater flows into a river which empties back into the ocean.

True

True/False
Earth's hydrologic, rock, and tectonic cycles continuously recycle earth's materials.

True

True/False
Earth's hydrologic, rock, and tectonic cycles contribute to a balance or equilibrium of earth's materials.

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