The organic compounds that form the chief constituents of protein and are used by the body to build and repair tissues
A progressive deterioration of the portion of the retina called the macula lutea, resulting in loss of central vision
diabetes mellitus type 1
A disease in which the beta cells in the pancreas no longer produce insulin.
diabetes mellitus type 2
A disease in which the body is unable to use glucose for energy as a result of either inadequate insulin production in the pancreas or resistance to insulin on the cellular level.
the organic process by which food is converted into chemical substances that can be absorbed into the body
Compounds with at least one unpaired electron, which makes the compound unstable and highly reactive. Free radicals are believed to damage cell components, ultimately leading to cancer, heart disease, or other diseases.
A fatty acid and glycerol compound that combines with a protein molecule to form high-or-low to density lipoprotein
A grain found in some cereal products, in certain dietary supplements, and in certain bulk fiber laxatives; a water-soluble fiber
Registered Dietician (RD)
An individual with a minimum of a bachelor's degree in food and nutrition who is concerned with the maintenance and promotion of health and the treatment of diseases through diet.
neural tube defects
Any of a group of congenital anomalies involving the brain and spinal column that are cause by failure of the neural tube to close during embryonic development
Dietary Restrictions; used for problems with Gastrointestinal problems. None gas forming.
Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Tea. Used to nourish after having G.I. problems (upset stomach). Potatoes can be substituted in place of rice if boiled.
provide fatty acids and are needed for absorption of fat-soluble vitamins A D E and K
Biproducts created by humans; when polyunsaturated oils are solidified by the addition of Hydrogen
the building phase in which smaller molecules such as Amino Acids are combined to form larger molecules such as Proteins
the breaking-down phase in which larger molecules are broken down and converted into smaller units
the organic and inorganic chemicals in food that supply the energy and raw materials for cellular activites
Stress stimulates the fight or flight response. Symptoms of stress: headache, HTN, diarrhea
must provide a source of fuel or energy. Also supplies minerals to build and repair tissues. Regulate metabolic process
rates carbohydrate food on a scale from slowest to fastest effects of blood glucose levels. The lower the Glycemic Index value of the food the longer it takes to raise the patient's blood glucose level. One fo the scales is based on 100 glycemic units + to the number of units in a glucose tablet.