Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology

35 terms by blackmetalunicorn

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anatomy

study of body structure

apnea

no breathing

articulation

where two or more bones meet, also called a joint.

canthi

the junction of the lower and upper eyelids at either corner of the eye.

conjunctiva

mucous membrane that lines the eyelid

cornea

transparent covering of the eye

dead space

air in the respitory passageways

dypsnea

difficult breathing

dystocia

difficult birth

endocrine glands

secrete hormones directly into the blood stream

estrous cycle

The time from the start of one heat period to the start of the next one

estrus

The time when a female animal is fertile and receptive to the male. Also known as a heat period.

eupnea

normal respirations

exocrite glands

secrete hormones directly into the blood stream

extracellular

outside of a cell

hormone

a chemical that serves as a messenger. Each hormone is secreted by a gland and travels to one or more target organs, where it brings about responses.

hypertonic

having a higher osmosis pressure than another solution.

hypotonic

having a lower osmosis pressure than other solutions

intercellular

in between cells

intracellular

within a cell

isotonic

having equal osmotic pressures

lacrimal apparatus

lacrimal duct conducts tearsfrom the medial corners to the nasal cavity.

lamine

thin flat layer or membrane

meninges

protective covering of the brain and spinal chord

monestrous

having one eustrus cycle per year

myocardium

heart muscle

nonspontaneous ovulator

ovulation occurs only when bred

osteology

study of bones

parturition

act of givin birth

physiology

study of body functions

polyestrus

having more than one menstraul cycle a year

residual volume

air remaining in the lungs after a forced expiration

ruminant

animal with a four chambered stomach, animal that commonly chews it's cud.

spontaneous ovulator

ovulations occurs naturally within the cycle

tidal volume

volume of air exchanged during eupnea

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