The provision of care to patients that combines both the art and the science of nursing in meeting physical, emotional, intellectual, sociocultural, and spiritual needs. As a caregiver, the nurse integrates the roles of communicator, teacher, counselor, leader, researcher, and advocate to promote wellness through activities that prevent illness, restore health, and facilitate coping with disability or death. The role of caregiver is the primary role of the nurse.
The use of effective interpersonal and therapeutic communication skills to establish and maintain helping relationships with patients of all ages in a wide variety of healthcare settings.
The use of communication skills to assess, implement, and evaluate individualized teaching plans to meet learning needs of patients and their families.
The use of therapeutic interpersonal communication skills to provide information, make appropriate referrals, and facilitate the patient's problem-solving and decision-making skills.
The assertive, self-confident practice of nursing when providing care, effecting change, and functioning with groups Researcher = The participation in or conduct of research to increase knowledge in nursing and improve patient care.
The protection of human or legal rights and the securing of care for all patients based on the belief that patients have the right to make informed decisions about their own health and lives
Healthy People 2010
two overarching goals: (1) to increase quality and years of healthy life, and (2) to eliminate health disparities
The International Council of Nurses (ICN)
founded in 1899, was the first international organization of professional women.
establishes standards of practice, encourages research to advance nursing practice, and represents nursing for legislative actions.
is the professional organization for RNs in the United States, founded in the late 1800s
is the national voice for baccalaureate and higher degree nursing education programs. The organization's goals focus on establishing quality educational standards; influencing the nursing profession to improve healthcare; and promoting public support of baccalaureate and graduate education, research, and nursing practice.
Nurse practice acts
are laws established in each state in the United States to regulate the practice of nursing.
The nursing process
is used by the nurse to identify the patient's healthcare needs and strengths, to establish and carry out a plan of care to meet those needs, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the plan to meet established outcomes.