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Darwin

Destroyed the idea of the immutability of species

Joule

Demonstrated the First Law of Thermodynamics

Bohr

He is best known for his model of the atom. It was named after him, and it revealed many of the atom's mysteries.

Lavoisien

Discovered the Law of Mass Conservation

Thales

One of the first scientists

Democritus

Ancient Greek scientist who believed in atoms

Dalton

He developed the first detailed atomic theory and became known as the founder of modern atomic theory.

Mendel

Determined how traits are passed on during reproduction

Grosseteste

Considered the first modern scientist

Einstein

Had two theories of relativity and was big in quantum mechanics

James Clerk Maxwell

Founder of modern physics

Aristotle

Championed the idea of spontaneous generation and is responsible for it being believed for so long

Copernicus

Proposed heliocentric system

Ptolemy

Proposed geocentric system

Newton

One of the greatest scientists of all time, he laid down the laws of motion, developed the law of universal gravity, and invented calculus

Galileo

Collected much data in favor of the heliocentric system but was forced to recant belief in it

Planck

First to propose that energy came in small "packets" called quanta

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