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Unit 2 Mesopotamia : *Adding Pictures soon******!!!!!!!!!!!!

Fertile Crescent

an area of rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began

Silt

a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks

Irrigation

a way of supplying water to an area of land

Canals

human-made waterways

Surplus

more of something that is needed

Division of labor

the type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job

Rural

countryside

Urban

city

city-state

consisted of a city and all the countryside around it

Empire

land with different territories and peoples under a single rule

Gilgamesh

King of Uruk, a city-state in Sumer, he became a legendary figure in Sumerian literature

Sargon

King of Akkad, a land north of Sumer, he built the world's first empire after defeating Sumer and northern Mesopotamia

Polytheism

the worship of many gods

Priests

people who performed religious ceremonies

Social Hierarchy

the division of society by rank or class

Cuneiform

the world's first system of writing

Pictographs

picture symbols

Scribe

writer

Epics

long poems that tell the stories of heroes

Architecture

the science of building

Ziggurat

pyramid-shaped temple tower

Monarch

a ruler of a kingdom or empire

Hammurabi's Code

a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

Chariot

a wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle

Nebuchadnezzar

the most famous Chaldean king, who rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city

Alphabet

a set of letters that can be combined to form words

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