Mod C Week 3 Test Review

93 terms by airuhh

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Vital Signs

pulse, respiration, blood pressure

pulse

rhythmic expansion of an artery as the heart beats, felt with fingers, never thumb

normal pulse rate

60-80 bpm

radial pulse

inner surface of wrist near thumb, most common

carotid pulse

neck

normal respiration

16-18 breaths per minute, take respiration count during pulse

blood pressure

refers to systolic & diastolic arterial pressure

systolic pressure

highest pressure exerted on the circulatory system, first sound heard when taking the blood pressure

diastolic pressure

lowest pressure of the circulatory system, last sound heard when taking the blood pressure

external respiration

exchange of gases in the lungs. oxygen enters, carbon dioxide exits

internal respiration

exchange of gases in the cells

pharynx

throat, part of the digestive & respiratory system

epiglottis

acts as a lid to prevent food from entering the lungs

larynx

voice box

hyperglycemia

abnormal level of sugar in the blood. give insulin.

hypoglycemia

(insulin shock) too much insulin, give sugar

parts of the heart

2 atrias, 2 ventricles

right atrium

receives o2 poor blood

right ventricle

receives blood from right atrium pumps it to lungs

heart

hollow muscular organ that maintains the circulation of blood

arteries

large vessels that carry blood away from the heart (oxygenated)

veins

vessels that return oxygen poor blood to the heart, valves in them prevent blood from flowing backwards

capillaries

small vessels that connect that arteries to the veins

plasma

straw like fluid that transports nutrients, hormones, and waste products

erythrocytes

red blood cells that help transport oxygen

leukocytes

white blood cells primary function is fighting diseases

thrombocytes

platelets, aid in blood clotting

external carotid

major blood supply to the face

maxillary artery

supplies deep structures to the face

facial artery

comes across the cheek, towards, the angle of the mouth to the nose

lingual artery

along the surface of the tounge

epiglottis

acts as aid to prevent food from entering the lungs

larynx

voice box

nose

air is inhaled, filtered, warmed

sinuses

contains air

pharynx

throat, part of digestive system

lungs

sac like organs

alveoli

exchange of gases to the blood

pharmacology

the study of drugs to include medical usefulness, and reactions

schedule I

high abuse potential with no medical usefulness (ex: heroin and LSD)

schedule II

high abuse potential that has accepted medical usefulness (ex:morphine, demerol, percodan, amphetamines)

schedule III

less abuse potential and have accepted medical usefulness (ex: barbituates)

schedule IV

low abuse potential (ex: depressants)

schedule V

low abuse potential (over the counter drugs)

prescribing drugs

calling in a prescription

due care

legal obligation of the dentist

council on dental therapeutics

gathers information to assist dental professionals. responsible for all drugs that are used in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of dental diseases.

controlled substance act

schedule of drugs

heading

includes dentists name, address, and telephone number, address, date age of patient

body

Rx symbol, name and strength of drug, include amount of medication to dispense

closing

dentist signature, refill if any, whether generic meds can be used

cardiovascular

medications dealing with the heart
(ex: nitroglycerin - angina
asprin - thinning of blood
digitalis - strengthening heart

anticonvulsants

dealing with seizures such as epilepsy

anesthesia

renders patient free of pain

analgesics

dulls perception of pain
mild: asprin and tylenol
strong: codeine, percodan, demerol

antibiotics

inhibits growth and destroys bacteria
-penicillin, erythromycin

sedatives

reduce excitability, creates calm

hypnotics

produces sleep

parental

injection

subcutaneous

under the skin

intramuscular

under the muscle

intravenous

into the vein

sublingual

under the toung, rapid

oral

pills, tablets, liquid

rectal

suppositories, enemas, rapid

topical

application to surface

inhalation

breathing in gaseous substances

storage of drugs

in a locked area

intolerance

reaction greater than the expected effect

notation on chart

name, amount, reason, date

antidote

a material that counteracts a poison

allergy

an unusual sensitivity to a drug resulting in a tissue response

myotic

a drug that causes contraction of the pupil

narcotic

drug that produces stupor or complete insensibility

synergism

action of drugs together in such a way that the combined effect in greater that the effect of either drug alone

toxicology

science of poisons their actions upon living organisms, their detection and treatment of damage to the organism produced by them

vasoconstrictor

agent that constricts of closes the blood vessels by causing the contraction of the smooth muscle in the vessel wall

shock

inadequate passage of oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body. causes fright, extreme fatigue, and stress

angina pectoris

pain in the chest as a result of narrowing of the arteries caused by decreased blood to the heart

dentist

is responsible for the patients safety

who is CPR certified

each staff menber

assistant

is responsible for updating and supplying emergency kit

myocardial infarction

heart attack, one or more coronary arteries are blocked

cardiac arrest

heart stops pumping blood

ventricular fibrillation

rapid heart beat

ventricular standstill

no heart beat

syncope

fainting, loss of consciousness, caused by blood supply to the brain. elevate feet above head, use spirits of ammonia

hyperventilation

light headedness, tingling of hands and feet, breathe into paper bag

grand mal

severe seizure

petit mal

mild and brief seizure

asthma attack

coughing and wheezing

left atrium

receives o2 blood from lungs

left ventricle

receives blood from left atrium and pumps to all parts except lungs

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