Extensive List of Characters in the Aeneid

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Achates

Trojan warrior and close companion of Aeneas, oftern described in the poem with the epithet fidus

Aeneas

Trojan prince, son of Venus and Anchises, and legendary founder of the Romans

Anchises

a member of the Trojan royal house and father of Aeneas by Venus

Andromache

wife of Hector

Antenor

a Trojan prince who had escaped the city's destruction and, according to legend, founded a new settlement in Cisalpine Gaul at Patavium, modern Padua

Antheus

a Trojan warrior and companion of Aeneas

Ascanius

son of Aeneas and his wife Creusa, also called Ilus and Iulus; legendary founder of the Latin town of Alba Longa.

Assaracus

a Trojan king, grandfather of Anchises, and thus ancestor of the Romans

Astyanax

only child of Andromache and Hector, later brutally thrown from Troy's walls when the city had fallen

Capys

another companion of Aeneas

Cassandra

daughter of Prism and Hecuba, she was given prophetic powers by Apollo but, scorning his amorous advances, was then cursed by the god with always prophesying the truth but never being believed

Coroebus

a Trojan hero and suitor of Cassandra

Creusa

a daughter of Priam and Hecuba, Aeneas' wife and mother of Iulus/Ascanius

Dardanus

son of Zeus and Electra, founder of Dardania in the Troad, and ancestor of Priam

Deiphobus

a Trojan prince who married Helen after Paris' death and whose shade Aeneas encounters in the Underworld in Book VI.

Hector

oldest son of Priam and Hecuba, and Troy's most renowned hero in the Trojan War. The foremost Trojan prince.

Hecuba

wife of Priam and mother to many of his children, including Hector, Cassandra, and Polites

Laocoon

one of Priam's sons, a priest of Apollo who had offended that god by making his love to his wife in the god's temple; his story was the subject of a lost tragedy by Sophocles, which was likely a source for Vergil.

Mygdon

a Phrygian king, ally of the Trojans

Orontes

a Lycian warrior

Paris

a Trojan prince, son of king Priam

Polites

a son of Hecuba and Priam

Priam

king of Troy

Sarpedon

son of Jupiter and Laodamia, a Lycian king and ally of the Trojans, slain by Patroclus in the Trojan War

Teucer

father-in-law of Dardanus and ancestor of the Trojan kings

Troilus

youngest son of Priam, ambushed in his chariot and slain by Achilles; there was a prophecy that Troy could not be sacked if Troilus lived to his 20th year

Ucalegon

in Homer an advisor to Priam

Achilles

son of Peleus and Thetis, Greek chieftain in the Trojan War and hero of Homer's Iliad

Ajax

a Greek hero in the Trojan War, son of Oileus - the so-called "lesser Ajax," not to be confused with the more renowned Ajax, son of Telamon.

Androgeos

a Greek captain

Atrides

son/descendant of Atreus (i.e. Menelaus, king of Sparta, and Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and commander of the Greek forces at Troy).

Automedon

Achilles' chariot-driver, from the island of Scyros

Calchas

the leading Greek soothsayer in the Trojan War

Epeos

the Greek who built the Trojan horse

Eurypylus

a Greek warrior mentioned in Iliad 2.736

Machaon

a Greek physician and warrior

Menealus

king of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, and husband of Helen

Neoptolemus

known also as Pyrrhus, son of Achilles

Pelides

son of Peleus (king of Phthia and husband of Thetis), Achilles

Pelops

legendary king of Mycenae, father of Atreus and Thyestes

Phoenix

a Greek warrior and tutor of Achilles

Pyrrhus

son of Achilles; the name means 'fire' or 'fire-red' (His other name is Neoptolemus, which means 'New Ptolemy' or 'New War')

Thessandrus

a Greek warrior, known, like those subsequently named here, from Homer and other accounts of the Trojan War

Tydides

son of Tydeus: Diomedes-one of the most foremost Greek leaders in the Trojan War; Aeneas was nearly slain by him in hand-to-hand combat (Iliad)

Ulysses

Roman name for the Greek hero Odysseus, who was noted as much for his guile as for his valoe

Aeolus

mythic king of the winds

Apollo

god of the sun, civilization, prophecy, and the arts; brother of Diana

Bacchus

god of vegetation, the grapevine, and wine

Calliope

foremost of the nine Muses and the patron deity of epic

Ceres

goddess of grain and fruit, identified with the Greek Demeter, mother of Persephone/Proserpina

Mt. Olympus

mythical home of the gods on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia

Mycenae

a city in the Argolid in southern Greece, home of King Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War

Paphos

a town in southeast Cyprus, scared to Venus

Patavium

a city in eastern Cialpine Gaul, near the Adriatic coast, modern Padua

Pegama

the citadel of Troy; Troy

Phoenicia

country along the eastern Mediterranean coast, former home of Dido

Phrygia

In western Asia Minor

Pthia

A town in Thessaly, birthplace of Achilles

Punicus

Punic, Carthaginian

Samos

an island off the coast of Asia Minor, birthplace of Juno, and an important cult center

Deiopeia

fairest of the Nymps who attended Juno; elsewhere in Virgil, an attendant of Cyrene.

Diana

the Roman counterpart of Artemis, sister of Apollo and virgin goddess of woodlands,archery, and hunting

Scyros

an Aegean island east of Euboea, realm of Pyrrhus' grandfather, king Lycomedes

Sidon

an important coastal city of Phoenicia

Sigmeun

a coastal town near Troy

Simois

a tributary of the Trojan river Scamander

Sparta

a city of southern Greece noted for its militarism and the hardiness of its athletic young women. A major city in the Greek Peloponnese, home of Helen and Menelaus

Syrtis

a sandy coastal region east of Carthage

Teucria

Troy

Tenedos

modern Bozcaada, an island a few miles off the coast of Troy, associated in Homer's Iliad with Apollo

Thrace

a district in northern Greece whose people were regarded as warlike

Thybris

the river Tiber, on which Rome was situated; Tiber, eponymous god of the river

Timavus

a river flowing from the Alps, much of the way underground, into the Gulf of Trieste at the north of the Adriatic Sea

Trinacrius

Sicilian. From an old Greek name for the island meaning "three-cornered," so called for its triangular shape

Tritonis

lake in north Africa, near the birthplace of Athena/ Minerva and sacred to her

Tyndareus

king of Sparta and husband of Leda; father of Helen

Tyre

capital of Phoenicia

Xanthus

a river in Troy

Acestes

a Sicilian king and friend of Aeneas

Agenor

brother of Belus and legendary founder of Tyre

Amazon

a member of the mythic northern tribe of female warriors, allies of the Trojans who came to their aid after the death of Hector

Argives

citizens of Argos in southern Greece, site of a major temple to Juno; Greeks

Belus

legendary Egyptian king, son of Poseidon, and ancestor of several Greek royal families, including that of Palamedes

Caesar

possibly Gaius Julius Caesar, who adopted Augustus, who took the former's name

Danaans

descendants of Danaus, legendary king of Argos; the name was commonly used of the Greeks in the Trojan War

Dido

Queen of Carthage and daughter of the Tyrian king Belus, first named here and of course a major player throughout Aeneid

Dolopians

another Thessalian tribe, connected with Achilles' son Pyrrhus

Harpalyce

daughter of the Thracian king Harpalycus, who raised her as a warrior; after his death she lived in the wild and became a legendarily fast runner, swifter than horses and even the wind

Memnon

king of Ethiopia and an ally of Troy, son of Tithonus and the goddess of the dawn, Aurora or Eos

Myrmidons

a tribe in Thessaly, led by Achilles in the Trojan War

Oileus

king of the Locrians and one of the Argonauts

Othryades

son of Othryas

Palamedes

son of the Euboean king Nauplius, hated by Odysseus for revealing his attempts to escape service in Troy

Panthus

a priest of Apollo at Troy

Pelasgians

an ancient Aegean tribe

Penthesilea

queen of the Amazons, slain by Achilles, who at the moment of her death fell in love with her

Pygmalion

brother of Dido and co-heir of the throne at Tyre

Rhesus

king of Thrace and a Trojan all, slain in his camp on the first night at Troy by Diomedes and Ulysses

Rutulus

an ancient Latin tribe who, under the leadership of its prince Turnus, would prove fierce in its opposition of the Trojan incursion

Sychaeus

deceased husband of Dido

Teucri

descendants of Teucer (father-in-aw of Dardanus and ancestor of the Trojan kings)

Enrinys

a Fury;; the spirit of revenge and destructive violence

Fides

Good Faith, personified and worshiped as a goddess. Was from earliest times venerated as one of the prime Roman virtues

Gorgon

Medusa; a monster with snakes for hair, who could turn mortals to stone with her gace - her image appeared on Athena's shield

Juno

queen of the gods, sister and wife of jupiter, identified with the greek hera, she was goddess of childbirth and protectress of wmen and of course nemesis of the trojans

Jupiter

king of the gods

Latona

aka leto; mother by Jupiter of Diana and apollo

Maia

eldest of the seven Pleiades, mother of Mercury by jupiter

Mars

italian god of agriculture and war, counterpart of the greek ares

minverva

roman goddess of crafts, wisdom, and warfare, associated with Pallas Athena

Neptune

brother of jupiter, juno, and pluto, and god of the sea, horses and earthquakes

nereus

a seaa-god, father of the Nereids

Orcis

Dis; the god of the underworld

Oread

a mountain nympph

Palladium

statue of Pallas

Pallas

Pallas (Athena), Minerva...originally in Italy Minderca was goddess of the household arts, but through her identification with the Greek Athena, a goddess of warfare as well.

Parca

a roman goddess of birth; Parcae- the Fates

Penates

gods who protected the Roman food store and, by extension, the household, the family and the state

Phoebus Apollo

god of the sun, civilization, and the arts, brother of Diana

Quirinus

a god worshiped on Rome's Quirinal Hill, associated with Mars and identified with the deified Romulus

Remus

legendary twin brother of Romulus

Romulus

twin brother of Remus and legendary eponymous founder of Rome; the brothers were children of Numitor's daughter , Rhea Silva, and the god Mars.

Saturnia

Juno

Triton

an ocean divinity, son and attendant of Neptune

Tritonis

the goddess of Tritonis, Athena/Minerva

Vesta

goddess of the domestic hearth and protectress of families

Venus

goddess of love and generation identified with the Greek Aphrodite, mother of Aeneas

Vulcan

god of fire and forge

Aeolia

home of Aeolus, in the Aeolian, or Lipari, Islands

Alba Longa

a city south of Roe and east of Lavinium. According to tradition, Alba Longa was founded by Aeneas; son of Ascanius, whose descendatnts ruled for three centuries before establishing a new settlement at Rome

Byrsa

legendary name of the citadel of Carthage and Greek for "bull's Hide" - confused with the Phoenician word for "citadel" which was bosra

Carthage

a mountain on the Aegean island of Delos, Birthplace of Diana and apollo.

Dardania

Dardania,Troy

Doris

a region in northern Greece

Eurotas

the river on whose banks stood Sparta, where ther was a shrine to Diana Artemis

Hebrus

a river in Thrace

Hesperia

the land to the west.. Italy

Ilium

another name for the city of Troy

Illyria

a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic, a sea known for its treacherous sailing conditions

Ithaca

a small island off the west coast of Greece, legendary home of Ulysses

Larissa

the chief city of Thessaly, Achillies' home land

Laconia

the district of the Greek Peloponnese where Sparta was located

Lavinium

a large town south of Rome Important during the early Republic. According to tradtion, Lavinium was founded by Aeneas near the site where he and his followers first landed in Letium and named after the latin princess Lavinia, whom he ultimately made his bride

Liburnia

a district in Illyria. The liburnians were known for their savagery

Libya

North Africa, Libya; Carthage

Lucifer

"the light - bringer" The morning star... the planet Venus

Lycia

a country in southern Asia Minor, an ally of Troy in the Trojan War

Lydia

a region in western Asia Minor

Mt. Ida

a mountain range southeast of Troy, site of the judgment of Paris and sacred to the goddess Cybele

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