the condition in which there is an excessive proportion of acid in the blood and thus an abnormally low blood pH.
opposite of alkalosis
condition in which there is an excessive proportion of alkali (base) in the blood
opposit of acidosis
compound that combines with an acid or with a base to form a weaker acid or base, thereby lessening the change in hydrogen ion concentration that would occur w/o the buffer
The condition or state of being crenate.
A process resulting from osmosis in which red blood cells, in a hypertonic solution, shrink and acquire a scalloped surface.
biochemical catalystthat allows chemical reactions to take place; functional proteinsthat regulate various metabolic pathways of the body
Physiology . temporary diminution of the irritability or functioning of organs, tissues, or cells after excessive exertion or stimulation.
gland that produces mucus. ex. respiratory & digestive
epithelial cell that produces and secretes large amounts of mucus
The destruction of red blood cells, caused by disruption of the cell membrane and resulting in the release of hemoglobin. Hemolysis is seen in some types of anemia, which can be either inherited or acquired, as by exposure to toxins or by the presence of antibodies that attack red blood cells.
chemical constituents that do not contain both carbon and hydrogen
does not contain C to C or C to H bond
ex. water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, electrolytes
attachment of a muscle to the bone that it moves when contraction occurs
compare to origin
the mode or place of attachment of an organ or part
a section of genetic material inserted into an existing gene sequence
the mutational process producing a genetic insertion
referring to chemicals that contain covalently bound carbon and hydrogen atoms and are involved in metabolic reactions
attachment of a muscle to the bone, which does not move when contraction occurs
compare to insertion
units by which acid and base concentrations (relative H+ ion concentrations) are measured; scale ranges from 0 (extremely acidic, high H+ concentration) to 14 (extremely basic or alkaline, low H+ concentration)
position of the body; often refers to the erect position of the body maintained unconsciously
bands or cords of fibrous connective tissue that attach a muscle to a bone or other structure