study of structure
study of functions of living organism and its parts
how the body works
substance that ionizes in water to release hydrogen ions; substance with a pH of less than 7
the condition in which there is an excessive proportion of acid in the blood and thus an abnormally low blood pH.
opposite of alkalosis
condition in which there is an excessive proportion of alkali (base) in the blood
opposit of acidosis
broad, flat sheet of connective tissue
wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of part;
a=with and trophy=food
substance that ionizes in water to decrease the number of hydrogen ions
aka = alkaline
compound that combines with an acid or with a base to form a weaker acid or base, thereby lessening the change in hydrogen ion concentration that would occur w/o the buffer
The condition or state of being crenate.
A process resulting from osmosis in which red blood cells, in a hypertonic solution, shrink and acquire a scalloped surface.
biochemical catalystthat allows chemical reactions to take place; functional proteinsthat regulate various metabolic pathways of the body
Physiology . temporary diminution of the irritability or functioning of organs, tissues, or cells after excessive exertion or stimulation.
gland that produces mucus. ex. respiratory & digestive
epithelial cell that produces and secretes large amounts of mucus
The destruction of red blood cells, caused by disruption of the cell membrane and resulting in the release of hemoglobin. Hemolysis is seen in some types of anemia, which can be either inherited or acquired, as by exposure to toxins or by the presence of antibodies that attack red blood cells.
the formation of blood or of blood cells in the living body
increased size of an organ or part caused by an increase in the size of its cells
chemical constituents that do not contain both carbon and hydrogen
does not contain C to C or C to H bond
ex. water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, electrolytes
attachment of a muscle to the bone that it moves when contraction occurs
compare to origin
the mode or place of attachment of an organ or part
a section of genetic material inserted into an existing gene sequence
the mutational process producing a genetic insertion
to cause dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins.
to undergo lysis.
brown pigment primarily in skin and hair
referring to chemicals that contain covalently bound carbon and hydrogen atoms and are involved in metabolic reactions
attachment of a muscle to the bone, which does not move when contraction occurs
compare to insertion
loss of power of motion, especially voluntary motion
units by which acid and base concentrations (relative H+ ion concentrations) are measured; scale ranges from 0 (extremely acidic, high H+ concentration) to 14 (extremely basic or alkaline, low H+ concentration)
position of the body; often refers to the erect position of the body maintained unconsciously
process of replacing missing tissue with new tissue by means of cell division
space or cavity
excitant or irritating agent that induces a response
(hyperdermis) beneath skin,not part of skin
connects skin to lower layers
bands or cords of fibrous connective tissue that attach a muscle to a bone or other structure
a. the normal state of tension or responsiveness of the organs or tissues of the body.
b. that state of the body or of an organ in which all its functions are performed with healthy vigor.
c. normal sensitivity to stimulation