a governor of a spanish colony. a position Columbus would be awarded if he made his promised discoveries.
a system in Spanish America that gave settlers the right to control the labor of local American Indians. Encomendros had permission to have a certain number of American Indians work for them.
smallpox, measles, syphilis
The diseases that were exposed to Indians from Spaniards. They were not immune to these diseases, therefore many died.
Treaty of Tordesillas
(1494) Treaty signed by Spain and Portugal in which both countries agreed to move the Line of Demarcation; newly discovered lands west of the line would go to Spain, while those east of the line would go to Portugal.
to sail completely around the world. Ferdinand Magellan is supposed to be one of the first to do this.
Spanish fleet defeated by England in 1588. This fleet was introduced by King Philip of Spain, trying to fight the English pirates from stealing the treasures.
Religious communities built due to fears of French and British expansion
An increase in the price of all goods. Some historians believed that this happened because of the steady flow of resources and silver from the Americas
Charter of 1606
Document issued by King James I of England that licensed the Plymouth Company and the London Company to organize settlements in Virginia
Spanish and Portugeuse introduced this to Europe, and expanded to Virginia. When the population of Jamestown grew, farmers moved onto Indian territory, causing the Indians to attack Jamestown.