The Unofficial AP English Language and Composition Vocabulary Guide Week 2

Created by LydiaJ 

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values

1. Principles (morals, standards, ethics, ideology)

beliefs

1. Viewpoint, thinking (certainty)

integrity

1. With honesty (trustworthiness, truthfulness, reliability)

tradition

1. habit or continuing pattern handed down over time (custom, ritual, practice)

beliefs

2. Way of life, tenet (conviction)

beliefs

3. Faith and confidence in spiritual truth (doctrine, dogma)

integrity

2. Devotion to uprightness, honor, and character

special rules

1. a formal court order by a referee

special rules

2. a set of guidelines that is particular to a subject

reason

1. grounds, rationale (basis, foundation, argument)

reason

2. Cause, motive, motivation

analysis/analytic/analytical

1. examination (scrutiny, investigation)

analysis/analytic/analytical

2. logical inspection for proof, breaking down into its parts

abstract

1. theoretical (intangible, conceptual)

abstract

3. a single paragraph stating a research project or written piece's main points and outcomes

abstract

2. conjectural, speculative

perspective

1. Ideas, viewpoint (perception)

persuading

1. The act of influencing a person to decide a specific way (convince)

persuading

2. To appeal to reason, to get another to make a choice between two or more items,
directions, or actions

convincing

1. Persuading with evidence (to sway toward a decision)

discourse

1. Spoken dialogue or conversation (discussion, communication)

active voice

1. The placement of the verb so that the subject is doing the acting

active voice

2. The opposite of passive voice
Example: Marcus posted his response early in the week

passive voice

1. The placement of words in a sentence where the subject is acted on by the verb, often using the forms of "to be"

passive voice

2. The opposite of active voice
Example: The response had been posted by Marcus early in the week.

eloquence

1. Expressive and articulate use of words (fluency, ease)

eloquence

2. Speaking persuasively (powerful effectiveness in speech)

ambivalent/ambivalence

1. Unsure, hesitant, undecided

ambivalent/ambivalence

2. Having two possible beliefs (conflicting feelings)

omnipotent

1. All-powerful (supreme, unstoppable, invincible)

omniscient

1. unlimited knowledge and understanding of all things

omnipresent

1. ever-present (all-pervading, everywhere, ubiquitous)

propitiatory/propitiation

1. [adjective] making propitiation (appeasing, conciliatory, peace-making)

propitiatory/propitiation

2. [noun] the action of the Grace of God through Jesus Christ on the Cross, where the
wrath of God is appeased by Jesus' atonement and payment for our sin, and we are
brought right in our standing with God

inveterate

1. chronic or habitual, deep-rooted

inveterate

2. set in ways, hardened, or incurable, as in a bad habit

contemporary

1. modern-day and current

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