4th Science Ch 2

Created by LoriViator 

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Solar Energy

Energy given off by the sun

Conduction

How thermal energy moves from a stove to a pot *This is also how I get burned

Energy

The ability to cause a change

How thermal energy moves

Conduction, Convection, and Radiation

Heat

The movement of thermal energy from one kind of matter to another

Kinetic Energy

Energy of Motion

Convection

When warm matter moves from one place to another * Liquid or Gas Heat rises

Infrared Radiation

Bundles of energy that carry heat

Fuel

Any material that can burn

Waste Heat

Unneeded and unused thermal energy *** Candles and light bulbs are used for light but make heat that is wasted

Temperature

A measure of the average energy of motion of the particles in matter

Thermal Energy

The kinetic energy of particles in matter *We feel it as heat

Radiation

Bundles of energy that move through matter and empty space *Sunburn

What is Thermal Energy?

The energy of the motion of particles in matter

How is Thermal Energy measured?

Temperature is a measure of the energy of motion in matter

What happens when Thermal Energy is added to matter?

Particles move faster

What happens when Thermal Energ is taken away?

Particles slow down

The process of transferring Thermal Energy is call what?

Heat

What are three ways Thermal Energy can be transferred?

1.Conduction-Happens when particles bump into each other.
2. Convection- Warm matter moves from one place to another.
3. Radiation- When thermal Energy moves through emply space

How is Thermal Energy produced?

1. Burning
2. Solar Energy

How is Thermal Energy is used?

1. Cooking
2. Warm Homes
3. Generate Electricity

The Ability to cause change in objects or materials is called_____________

Energy

Any material that can burn is ____________

A Fuel

Thermal Energy is _________

The energy of the random motion of particles in matter

The transfer of thermal energy is ________

Heat

We call the transfer of thermal energy from particles bumping into each other____________

Conduction

We call the transfer of thermal energy as particles in gases or liquids that move from one place to another __________

Convection

The transfer of energy through empty space happens by__________

Radiation

Bundles of energy that transfer heat through empty space as well as through matter are called_________

Infrared Radiation

The measure of the average energy of motion in matter is known as __________

Temperature

The energy given off by the sun alone is called ____________

Solar Energy

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