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alliteration

repetition of consonant sounds in a phrase or line of verse

antagonist

a character or force in conflict with or opposing the protagonist

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds in a phrase or line of verse

climax

the turning point in a plot

conflict

a struggle between opposing forces, either internal or external

dialect

a regional variety of language

dynamic character

a character who undergoes significant change (in insights, personality) during a story

exposition

the beginning of the story, often where characters, setting, and plot are established

falling action

events after the climax, leading to the resolution

flat character

a simple, undeveloped, often easily-stereotyped character

foreshadowing

an author's use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story

frame story

a secondary story or stories embedded in the main story

genre

a particular variety of art or literature

hyperbole

an extreme exaggeration or overstatement

imagery

language evoking a sensory experience or clear mental pictures

idiom

an expression particular to a language and which cannot be taken literally

irony

incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs

mood

the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage

oxymoron

a figure of speech joining two contradictory terms

personification

attributing human characteristics to something nonhuman, like animals, objects, or abstract ideas

protagonist

the main character in a story

resolution

the conclusion of a story, often where loose ends are tied up

rising action

the events and conflict(s) that build a story toward a climax

round character

a complex, multi-dimensional character

setting

the time and place where a story occurs

static character

a character who does not undergo significant change throughout the course of a story

suspense

a feeling of growing uncertainty about the outcome of events in a story

symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a text

tone

the author's attitude toward the subject or audience, either stated or implied

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