APES Prerequisite Knowledge

39 terms by vbchick611 

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the summer terms that were required for me to study.

Radioactive Decay

the spontaneous disintegration of a radioactive substance along with the emission of ionizing radiation, the breakdown of a radioactive element, releasing particles and energy

Half Life

length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in a sample to decay

Law of Conservation Matter

matter not created or destroyed in any change

1st law of Thermodynamics

the law that states that energy/matter cannot be created nor destroyed

2nd law of Thermodynamics

the quality of matter or energy gradually deteriorates over time, while the quantity remains the same


a measure of unusable energy within a closed or isolated system


one member of a single species


group of similar organisms that can bread and produce fertile offspring


a group of the same species living together


many different populations in a specific environment


all the organisms living in an area and the nonliving features of their environment

Kinetic energy

energy of motion

Potential energy

stored energy


-compounds that contain carbon,
-relating or belonging to the class of chemical compounds having a carbon basis


relating or belonging to the class of compounds not having a carbon basis


existing in or produced by nature


a compound made artificially by chemical reactions

Producer/ Autotrophs

an organism that makes its own food


organisms that break down wastes and dead organisms and return raw materials to the environment


an organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on other organisms or their remains.


minerals forming a solid


building blocks of rocks


the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time


the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation


process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches

Cellular Respiration

process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen


requires oxygen


without oxygen


change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information


sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait


specific characteristic that varies from one individual to another


threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next

Gene Pool

combined genetic information of all the members of a particular population

Natural Selection

a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment


the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)


no longer in existence

Plate Tectonics

the branch of geology studying the folding and faulting of the earth's crust


The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.

Climate Change

a change in the world's climate

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