Biblical Archaeology 2

95 terms by triley198 

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Saul, First King of Israel

Late 11th Century

David, founds dynasty

1000 - 965 BC

Solomon

965 - 925 BC

Shishak (Sheshonq), Egypt attacks Judah and Israel

923 BC

Shalmaneser III, Black Obelisk

858 - 824 BC

Tiglat Pileser III, Inagurates Assyrian Empire

745 - 727 BC

Shalmaneser V, Fall of Samaria to Assyrians

722 BC

Sennacherib, Hezekiah (King of Judah), Assyrian attack on Judah

701 BC

Assyrian Empire collapses

610 BC

Nebbuchadnezzar (King of Babylonia), Fall of Jerusalem

586 BC

The Return to Zion

538 - 445 BC

The Persian Period

539 - 332 BC

Alexander the Great, Conquers Holy Land

332 BC

The Hellenistic Period

332 - 37 BC

Pompey (Roman General), Conquers Jerusalem

63 BC

Herod the Great

37 - 4 BC

Fall of Jerusalem to Romans, 2nd Holy Temple destroyed

AD 70

Iron Age I

1200 - 1000 BC

Iron Age II

1000 - 586 BC

Hebrew for porch

ulam

Hebrew for sanctuary

hechal

Hebrew for Holy of Holies

dvir

Cour de Cachette

wall at Temple of Amun at Karnak, belonging to Merneptah, but ursurped by Amenmesse and Sety II

palimpest

layers of plaster paintings over time

merneptah stele

aka the isreal stele 1206 B.C.

Frank Yurko

said isrealites are cannanites

Anson Rainey

said isrealites are shasu-bedouin

Kings of the XIXth Dynasty on the Cour De Cachette

Ramses II 1279-1212 (treaty with hittites), Merneptah 1212-1202 (battle scenes =isreal stele), Amenmesse 1202-1199 (usurper), Seti II 1199-1193 (ursurper)

Settlement planning Iron IA

not really any

Isrealite conquest of Canaan

arch. evidence points towards Judges story

Pillared house

Iron IA, four roomed house, not Isreali

collared rim

pithos, large jars

Bronze bull figurine

religious, reminds us of golden calf in the Bible

Iron Pick

Iron IA, Har Adir (11th Century B.C.)

El-Khader arrowheads

Inscription of servant of the lioness on it

leba'im

meaning lions, what Kind Davids archers were called

Temple at Medinet Habu

Ramses III motuary with inscriptions of the Sea Peoples

pelest

philistines

shikilu

Tjeker, later found at Dor

Dieres

Greek warship with two levels of rowers

The tale of Wenamun

1074 B.C.

Beder

Prince of Dor

Philistine Pentapolis

Gaza, Ashod, Ashkelon, Ekron, Gath

Mycenaean IIIC1b pottery

desends from mycenaean pottery, locally made

Orpheus vase

Ashdoda, woman melting into bed

Tell Qasile

in Tel Aviv-only philistine temple

Iron Age II A

1000-925 - United Monarchy

Trade under Solomon

Phoenicians, Hiram of Tyre

Solomons Districts

Isreal and Judah

City of David

stepped structure

Solomons Temple

tripart division, porch, sanctuary, holy of holies

ulam

porch

hecal

sanctuary

holy of holies

dvir

columns

yachin and boaz ?

sphinx

cherub

Temple steps protected by lions and sphinxes

Ain Dara

Area H Temple

Hazor

Proto-Aeolic Capitals

baaed on plam decoration

Solomonic construction outside Jerusalem

Hazor, Meggido, Gezer

Stratum VA-solomonic gates

Gezer, Hazor Meggido

Dan Inscription

House of David stele fragment from Dan

Bet David

dynasty of David

Bubasite Portal at Karnak

Shishaks topographical list

Negev fortifications

hilltop fortifications

Amalekites

desert nomans

Iron Age IIB

925-720 = divided monarchy to fall of Samaria

Iron Age IIC

720-586 = to babylonian destruction of Jerusalem

Rehoboam

Son of solomon, Kind of Judea

Jeoboam

son of Bebat, first King of Isreal (at solomons death)

Invasion by Shichak

923

divided kingdom

judah (judea) and isreal

Samaria

capital of Isreal, founded by Omri enlarged by his son Ahab

Ashlar masonry

stones cut for building

Header and stretcher construction

type of construction, stretcher meaning longways, header meaning layed widthwise

Phoenician connection with Isreal

Ahab marries Jezebel, princess of Tyre

Samaria Ivories

9/8th century, woman in the window

Samaria Ostraca

reciepts

Kuntillet Ajurd

weigh station

black obelisk

isrealites paying tribute to assyrians

transportation of poputlations

ten lost tribes

Sennacherib's attack on Judah and Jerusalem

701, destroys Lacish and Jerusalem

Prism of Sennacherib

Ninevah, story of Jerusalem

Hezekiahs preparations

Strengthened jerusalems wall and tunnel or slioam

Hezekia tunnel

siloam tunnel

fall of Assyrian Empire

610

Fall of Jerusalem to Babylonians

586

The Return to Zion

538-445

The Persian Empire

539-332

Anitochus IV

Bad guy in jewish history. tries to do away with Judaism

Maccabees

rise up against anitochus

Romans arrive 63

conquer jerusalem

Herod the great

37-4 greatest builder ever

romans destroy jerusalem and holy temple

70 AD

Jospeh Flavius

Jewish 1st century AD historian

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