an elected leader of venice
movement in which Christians sought to reconquer land
philosophical and intulectual-movement that attempted to harmonize reason and faith
chanson de geste
songs of heroic deeds
copy of roman basilica with a basic plan of thick heavy walls and heavy wood roofs with very small windows
introduced by abbot sugar of st denis that was much taller, had ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and had huge stain glass windows
the twenty year period where there was 3 popes. The papacy moved to Avignon and French cardinals caused rivalry.
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